United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Rooftop rainwater harvesting in Nepal:
Abstract:
Water in Nepal is not scarce in absolute terms, and most areas receive about 1500mm of precipitation each year, while certain areas may receive up to 5000 mm. However, many parts still experience water shortages, in particular during the pre-monsoon season (March-May). Sufficient and safe drinking water supply throughout the year is essential to Nepalese rural households. However, communities located higher in the mid hill region do not have access to water either because systems are too expensive or impracticable due to lack of electricity. In this context, rooftop rainwater harvesting provides a local source of water for drinking or kitchen garden irrigation in many areas where conventional water supply systems cannot be provided, with significant impacts on health and livelihood improvement or rural households. Rural communities are often unaware of the benefits of rooftop rainwater harvesting and are not likely to construct such systems on their own initiative. Locally available materials and labor can be used to construct the jars, but institutional support is necessary in order to provide technical inputs, raise awareness of the benefits, and provide support on construction and maintenance techniques. Rural communities play a central role during project implementation, but in contrast, their role during the pre- development phase is somewhat limited.
Publisher: FAO Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster  in  English
Keywords:
RAIN, RAINWATER, WATER, ROOFS, DROUGHT, WATER SUPPLY, IRRIGATION, HEALTH, LIVELIHOOD, RURAL AREAS, HOUSEHOLDS, DRINKING WATER, LIVESTOCK, CLIMATE, CLIMATE CHANGE
Thematic Group:
FAO, (2016)
Thesaurus:
03.05.00 - Water
PDF | File Size: 32 KB   Download
Feeder: LEELASHRESTHA, Editor: , Auditor:
...