United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Abstract:
Trafficking in persons is the worst form of exploitation of human being. It dehumanizes the trafficked person by reducing the subject into a slave like status. According to Trafficking in Person (TIP) report (US Government, 2006) about 8 million people are trafficked across national border annually. Approximately 80 percent of transnational victims are women and most of them are for commercial sexual exploitation. This figure is definitely alarming and need to be addressed with priority in policy, program and action by the world community through their concerted efforts and speedy justice.Trafficking in persons has long been denounced by international community. From the time of banning of slave trade and declaring it unlawful in international law, a series of international instruments emerged to combat human trafficking. The human rights jurisprudence of modern times from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 and subsequent Covenants provided further support for legislating on this subject. With the acceptance of globalization and open market economy especially starting from 1990s, the expansion of global labor market has created an upward trend in foreign labor migration and also the increase in the incidence of trafficking of women and children for sex work and other purposes. This problem obviously necessitated new legislating strategies. Though specific and regional treaties, conventions and resolutions such as CEDAW, CRC, UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and SAARC Convention 2002 in Combating Trafficking were concluded to meet the particular type of challenges, there are still severe deficiencies in providing administrative and technical infrastructure for their implementation.
Publisher: NHRC, ONRT, UNDP, UNODC Type / Script:
Annual Report  in  English
Keywords:
TRAFFICKING, HUMAN RIGHTS, ANTI-TRAFFICKING ACTIVITIES, EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION, LEGISLATIVE BODY, ARMED CONFLICT, ETHNIC COMPOSITION, LAW ENFORCEMENT, DISPLACED PERSONS, LABOR MARKET, FOREIGN EMPLOYMENT, GENDER EQUALITY, EMPOWERMENT, COMBATING VIOLENCE, INTERNAL ARMED CONFLICT, SEXUAL EXPLOITATION, SEX WORKERS, RECRUITMENT, DEVELOPMENT PLANS, GENDER EQUALITY, EDUCATION SUPPORT, PEACE REHABILIATION CENTER, INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT, HUMAN TRAFFICKING, TRAFFIC IN PERSONS
Thematic Group:
UNODC, (2008)
Thesaurus:
14.02.02 - Human Rights
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Feeder: ANJANA SHARMA, Editor: , Auditor:
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