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Lessons learned from appraising the impact of IFAD projects in Nepal on the GHG balance and stocks of natural resources - An analysis using the Ex-Ante Carbon balance Tool
Abstract:
In fragile mountain ecosystems specific to the Himalayan region, land-use change as well as forest and soil degradation have wide implications on greenhouse gas emissions, further ecosystem services and rural livelihoods. Numerous studies investigate the dynamics and complex interaction of land-use change, forest and soil degradation and C sequestration processes in Nepal due to its highly fragile ecosystem and the significant scale of forest and soil degradation (Upadhyay, 2005). This paper is aimed at presenting the impact of four IFAD projects in Nepal on firstly the GHG balance and their potential for climate change mitigation, and secondly on their impact of natural capital stocks. The considered and quantified components of natural capital are linked with soil quality,increased landscape biomass and water availability, better crop protection/resilience from drought, prevented incremental erosion, additional flood protected areas, incremental forested area and increased biodiversity through protected areas. This value of the incremental natural capital, generated by farmers, is thereby interpreted as a public value which is adding to the public value generated through prevented GHG emissions due to the programme and project interventions. #NaturalResources
Publisher: FAO Type / Script:
Draft  in  English
Keywords:
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, BIOSAFETY, ECOSYSTEMS, GENETIC RESOURCES, PLANT VARIETIES, SOILS, LAND, PLANT NUTRITION, SOIL CHEMISTRY, SOIL CONSERVATION, LAND DEGRADATION, SOIL EROSION, SOIL MANAGEMENT, SOIL MECHANICS, SOIL MOISTURE, SOIL PHYSICS, FORESTS, FORESTRY, FOREST CONSERVATION, FOREST ECOLOGY, FOREST ECOSYSTEMS, CLIMATE CHANGE, CLIMATE, GLOBAL WARMING, GREENHOUSE GASES, LAND-USE CHANGE
Thematic Group:
FAO, (2014)
Thesaurus:
04.05.00 - Forestry
PDF | File Size: 1.59 MB   Download
Feeder: LUNI SHRESTHA, Editor: SANJIYA SHRESTHA, Auditor:
...
Lessons learned from appraising the impact of IFAD projects in Nepal on the GHG balance and stocks of natural resources - An analysis using the Ex-Ante Carbon balance Tool
Abstract:
In fragile mountain ecosystems specific to the Himalayan region, land-use change as well as forest and soil degradation have wide implications on greenhouse gas emissions, further ecosystem services and rural livelihoods. Numerous studies investigate the dynamics and complex interaction of land-use change, forest and soil degradation and C sequestration processes in Nepal due to its highly fragile ecosystem and the significant scale of forest and soil degradation (Upadhyay, 2005). This paper is aimed at presenting the impact of four IFAD projects in Nepal on firstly the GHG balance and their potential for climate change mitigation, and secondly on their impact of natural capital stocks. The considered and quantified components of natural capital are linked with soil quality,increased landscape biomass and water availability, better crop protection/resilience from drought, prevented incremental erosion, additional flood protected areas, incremental forested area and increased biodiversity through protected areas. This value of the incremental natural capital, generated by farmers, is thereby interpreted as a public value which is adding to the public value generated through prevented GHG emissions due to the programme and project interventions.
Publisher: FAO Type / Script:
Draft  in  English
Keywords:
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, BIOSAFETY, ECOSYSTEMS, GENETIC RESOURCES, PLANT VARIETIES, SOILS, LAND, PLANT AND SOIL RESOURCES, PLANT NUTRITION, SOIL CHEMISTRY, SOIL CONSERVATION, LAND DEGRADATION, SOIL EROSION, SOIL MANAGEMENT, SOIL MECHANICS, SOIL MOISTURE, SOIL PHYSICS, FORESTS, FORESTRY, FOREST CONSERVATION, FOREST ECOLOGY, FOREST ECOSYSTEMS, CLIMATE CHANGE, CLIMATE, GLOBAL WARMING, GREENHOUSE GASES, LAND-USE CHANGE
Thematic Group:
FAO, (2014)
Thesaurus:
04.05.00 - Forestry
PDF | File Size: 1.59 MB   Download
Feeder: LUNI SHRESTHA, Editor: ANITAKARKI2052@GMAIL COM, Auditor:
...
Lessons learned from appraising the impact of IFAD projects in Nepal on the GHG balance and stocks of natural resources - An analysis using the Ex-Ante Carbon balance Tool
Abstract:
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO. FAO encourages reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Non-commercial uses will be authorized free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. In fragile mountain ecosystems specific to the Himalayan region, land-use change as well as forest and soil degradation have wide implications on greenhouse gas emissions, further ecosystem services and rural livelihoods. Numerous studies investigate the dynamics and complex interaction of land-use change, forest and soil degradation and Csequestration processes in Nepal due to its highly fragile ecosystem and the significant scale of forest and soil degradation (Upadhyay, 2005). This paper is aimed at presenting the impact of four IFAD projects in Nepal on firstly the GHG balance and their potential for climate change mitigation, and secondly on their impact of natural capital stocks. The considered and quantified components of natural capital are linked with soil quality, increased landscape biomass and water availability, better crop protection/resilience from drought, prevented incremental erosion, additional flood protected areas, incremental forested area and increased biodiversity through protected areas. This value of the incremental natural capital, generated by farmers, is thereby interpreted as a public value which is adding to the public value generated through prevented GHG emissions due to the programme and project interventions. The four projects analyzed provide a wide range of project situations, from leasehold forestry support projects to value chain support and agriculture intensification projects. The four projects are: (i) The Leasehold Forestry and Livestock Programme follow up of Hills Leasehold Forestry and Forage Development Project (LFLP-HLFFDP) (ii) The Western Uplands Poverty Alleviation Project (WUPAP) (iii) High Value Agriculture Project in Hill and Mountain Areas (HVAP) (iv) The Kisankalagi Unnat Biu-Bijan Karyakram project (improved seed for farmers) EX-ACT, used in the present appraisal, is a tool developed by FAO which is aimed at providing ex-ante estimates of the impact of agriculture and forestry development projects/policies/programmes on GHG emissions and carbon sequestration. The impact of a project on natural capital should be incorporated into planning decision-making processes of land use project appraisals. This is a precondition to explicitly meet sustainable development policy objectives and to ensure the continued provision of beneficial ecosystem services to rural and local populations. The analysis allows to identify two different types of agricultural development projects: on the one hand, environmental and forest-sector targeted programmes, such as LFLP and WUPAP, for which both the value from prevented GHG emissions is over $ 1500 while increased natural capital is in a range of $ 700-1200 per hectare. On the other hand, we differentiate annual crop areas targeting projects, such as HVAP and the Kisankali project, for which both the value of avoided GHG emissions are below 500 and natural capital are estimated below $250 per hectare.Louis Bockel,Uwe Grewer,
Publisher: FAO Type / Script:
Draft  in  English
Keywords:
(IFAD) INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTUREAL DEVELOPMENT, (GHG) GREEN HOUSE GAS, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL RESOURCES, METHODOLOGY, RESOURCE STOCK ANALYSIS, LEASEHOLD FORESTRY AND LIVESTOCK, POVERTY ALLEVIATION, HIGH VALUE AGRICULTURE,EX-ANTE CARBON BALANCE, RESOURCES CONSERVATION, FOREST MANAGEMENT, FOREST POLICY, FOREST RESOURCES, FORESTS, FOREST DEGRADATION
Thematic Group:
FAO, (2014)
Thesaurus:
04.05.00 - Forestry
PDF | File Size: 1.59 MB   Download
Feeder: LUNI SHRESTHA, Editor: , Auditor:
...