United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Climate change risk and vulnerability assessment of ago ecological zones in Nepal
Abstract:
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is a global fund established within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to assist developing countries in implementing adaptation and mitigation practices to counter the impacts of climate change. The objective of GCF is to "support projects, Programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows" The investment by GCF is based on the assessment of the six key criteria namely, 1) Impact potential, 2) Paradigm shift potential, 3) Sustainable development potential, 4) Responsiveness to recipient’s needs, 5) Promote country ownership and 6) Efficiency and effectiveness. This report has been developed to demonstrate the process of developing a GCF investment proposal for Agroecological Zones through case studies of the pilot watershed – Mugu Karnali, Lohare and Babai representing the three existing ecological zones of Nepal namely Mountains, Hills and Terai respectively. Identification of adaptation measures was carried out as part of this assignment and was based on scientific, GIS based spatial analysis of climate change risks and vulnerability in the pilot districts in line with the framework proposed in Nepal’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and as per the definition of climate change risk provided by the 5th Assessment Report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR5). The identified adaptation measures (Sustainable Agriculture Management, Sustainable Water Management, Sustainable Livestock Management and Sustainable Forest Management) were validated through field surveys in the districts of Mugu, Dailekh and Bardiya for developing a case study. Subsequently, the feasibility of the measures were assessed based on the environmental and social impacts, gender inclusivity, sustainability and scalability of the measures. While assessing the feasibility of the measures emphasis was put on the fact if the adaptation measures could be categorized as Eco-System Based Adaptation (EbA) i.e., if the adaptation measures are aligned to the livelihood and take into account the role of ecosystem services in reducing societal vulnerability, through multi-sectoral and multi-level approaches. Once the feasibility of measure were ascertained, a thorough Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) was carried out on all identified measures for their prioritization. As part of this assignment, a training manual has also been developed to guide and facilitate the functionaries of Ministry of Agriculture Land Management and Cooperatives (MoALMC) & related line departments/ stakeholders who would be involved in developing project proposals for GCF. This final report is a consolidation of the sub-deliverables that were submitted to the NAP-Ag team during the course of the assignment. This final report has been structured in a way to present the background to the assignment, details of the methodologies adopted for the various analysis such as identification of watersheds, delineation of agro-ecological zones in the watersheds, vulnerability assessment/ cost benefit assessment, results of vulnerability assessment, cost benefit analysis, stock-taking of the existing climate change/ associated policies & functional modalities to capture the entry points for GCF proposal development process. Finally, a strategic investment framework has been prepared, that presents key considerations related to project financing, policy and departmental restructuring required to facilitate GCF funding for Govt. of Nepal. The Strategic Investment Framework (SIF) was prepared keeping in mind the outcomes of the CBA analysis and the short. Medium, long term returns of the identified adaptation measures. The investment framework was also based on a series of consultations with policy makers, regulators at various Ministries and discussions with financial intermediaries and civil service organizations.
Publisher: PWC Type / Script:
Annual Report  in  English
Keywords:
GREEN CLIMATE FUND, CLIMATE CHANGE, INTERNATIONAL RESPONSES, OBJECTIVES, NATIONAL SCENARIO, FRAME WORK, DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT, PROTECTION, IMPACT AND VULNERABILITY
Thematic Group:
UNDP, (2019)
Thesaurus:
03.00.0A - Natural Resources And The Environment
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Feeder: PRATIBHA DAWADI@GMAIL COM, Editor: , Auditor:
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