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Information Centre | Nepal
UNICEF NEPAL WASH PROGRAMME (2018-2022)
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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) is at the centre of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agenda with a distinct sector Goal (SDG 6) and its corresponding targets.
Achievement of SDG targets 6.1 and 6.2 will contribute to a number of other goals including those related to nutrition, health, education, poverty and economic growth, urban services, gender equality, resilience and climate change. The data available for access to WASH services in schools and health facilities, for instance, seems very impressive with 78 per cent of schools and 81 per cent of health facilities having a water supply and 82 per cent of schools and health facilities having a toilet. However, comprehensive data on functionality is not available, a significant proportion of these services are non-operational. Water quality remains a priority concern given the vulnerability of existing systems to contamination and poor water treatment practices, thus exacerbating the occurrence of diarrhoea. A total of 71 per cent of households are at risk from E. coli contamination of the source water, and 82 per cent are at risk from re-contamination by E.coli at the household-level.
Nepal has developed a comprehensive WASH Sector Development Plan (SDP) that has clearly set the targets, approaches and road map for holistic development of WASH sector, to achieve the SDGs by 2030 for the period 2016-2030. ACCESS TO IMPROVED SANITATION 65% 6% 1990 2016 A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR RESOURCE MOBILIZATION Despite achievements made in the WASH sector, Nepal has had to overcome major challenges and issues. These includes but are not limited to
(i) poor drinking
water quality,
(ii) functionality of water supply systems,
(iii) equity/regional disparity in access to WASH services for the disadvantaged and marginalized population, including schools and health care facilities,
(iv) poor hygiene practices especially around handwashing with soap, menstrual hygiene and child faeces management, and
(v) lack of resilience and adaptation of WASH infrastructure to climate changes and disasters. These are considered to be major factors contributing the high prevalence of WASH related diseases (e.g., diarrhoea) and occurrence of outbreaks (e.g., cholera) in the country.
#Sanitation #WASHProgramme #HealthServices
Publisher:
UNICEF ,   (2018 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOPMENT, RIGHT TO DRINKING WATER, SANITATION,, SANITATION SERVICES, DRINKING WATER, WATER, WATER CONSERVATION, WATER MANAGEMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE, WATER SUPPLY, HEALTH EDUCATION, ENVIRONMENT, DISASTER
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
10.00.0A  -  Health
Reference Link:
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