United Nations
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The Improved Water Mill (IWM) programme promotes a simple and versatile technology that uses water resources to produce 3-4 kW of mechanical and electrical power. IWM improves upon the traditional water mill by replacing its parts with more efficient ones, thereby increasing agro-processing efficiency and adapting the mill to other end uses, including electricity generation.
By promoting a variety of end use options, the IWM programme has a positive impact on rural households by promoting micro-enterprises, generating incomes and employment opportunities, reducing drudgery for women and allowing more free time for engaging in other activities. The programme also sets up and strengthens watermill owners’ associations, which promise to be the main vehicles for future IWM technology dissemination. The programme is currently being implemented in 19 districts in Nepal, with further potential in another
34 districts. More than 6,000 IWMs have been installed to date. The programme faces several challenges, however, including sustained financing and an insufficient demand for long-shaft IWMs. The IWM experience demonstrates that applying a market-driven approach to expanding energy services for the poor is a complex process that requires many interacting components to come together.
These include affordable technology, access to financial services for potential buyers, clear boundaries delineating program responsibility and ownership, and private sector motivation to serve the poor.
UNDP ,   (N/A )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
02.04.00  -  Development
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