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NEPAL FLOOD 2017:Post Flood Recovery Needs Assessment
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Nepal experienced incessant rainfall from August 11 to 14, 2017, resulting in widespread floods across 35 of the country’s 77 districts. Several districts experienced the heaviest rainfall in over 60 years. This led to the inundation of about 80 percent of the land in substantial parts of the Terai region.
This year’s heavy rains were a result of the monsoon trough, an elongated area of low pressure that formed parallel to the foothills of the Himalayas; presence of low-pressure and the entry of moisture from the Bay of Bengal that released significant rains on the southern parts of the Chure range and the mid-hills. Shifting of the monsoon trough closer and away from Nepal is a common phenomenon. However, this year it extended from the east to the west of the country, causing heavy rains.

The monsoon is both a productive and hazardous resource in Nepal. When it brings the right amount of rain, agriculture productivity soars; when there is excess, it causes tremendous loss of life and property. During monsoon cloudbursts, landslides and flash floods occur in the mountains. In the southern plains, the same water breaches river banks and inundates swathes of land. The impact is aggravated by rapid urbanization in the Terai: physical construction along the embankments have interfered with the existing patterns of surface water flow and caused drainage congestion. With local hydrology changed, there has been flooding even in regions with no past experience of such calamities.
#FLOODS #2017 #UNDP
Publisher:
GON-UNDP ,   (2017 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
FLOODS, ASSESSMENT, DISASTER VICTIMS, NUTRITION, AGRICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE, LIVESTOCK, IRRIGATION, TRANSPORT, WATER, SANITATION, ELECTRICITY, RECONSTRUCTION
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
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