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UNSCR 1325 AND FEMALE EX-COMBATANTS - CASE STUDY OF THE MAOIST WOMEN OF NEPAL
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The situation of women combatants and the roles they can play in conflict transformation and peace building is an area which has received minimal attention in the women, peace and security (WPS) agenda over the past 15 years. This is despite consistent accounts from countries emerging from armed conflict or war that show that women combatants face significant discrimination when the conflict ends and post-conflict reconstruction processes begin.

Nepal experienced a decade of violent conflict (known as the ‘People’s War’) be-tween government security forces and the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN)—Maoist, ending with a Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2006. One of the most reported aspects of the war was its high levels of female participation. Official records put this at about 30 per cent although during the height of the conflict some observers even put the estimates around 40 per cent.

The roles that women played as combatants in the Maoist People’s Liberation Army (PLA)differed significantly and determined their relative power and position within the armed struggle. Studies have shown that the failure to adopt a gender perspective that recognizes these differences amongst former combatants can have negative implications for the reintegration process.

#Maoist #Women #Combatant #Rights #Conflict

Publisher:
UNWOMEN ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
WOMEN SOLDIERS, WOMEN IN ARMED CONFLICTS, WOMEN'S RIGHTS, WAR, RURAL WOMEN, GENDER ROLES, PEACEBUILDING, PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS, REINTEGRATION, SECURITIZATION
Thematic Group:
 UNWOMEN : Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
Thesaurus:
01.04.00  -  Disarmament And Military Questions
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