United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
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The aims of this study were to determine the current status and key issues of the forestry
sector, identify driving forces which will impact forest and forestry of Nepal, develop
probable scenarios for the future and insight on Nepal’s forest and forestry and how it will evolve till 2020.
To achieve the stipulated objectives, a drafting team of government professionals and civil society was formed. A two-day national stakeholder workshop was organized in Katmandu in May 2007 to explore forestry related issues of Nepal and formulate the probable scenario for the future. Various field studies were conducted to understand ground reality and validate forestry data. Secondary data were obtained from available policies, plans and legal and regulatory instruments, and published and unpublished forest and forestry literature. The draft report was widely circulated to FAO experts, government officials, concerned INGOs working in Nepal and forestry related civil societies for their invaluable comments and suggestions. Suggestions received from all the reviewers were incorporated to refine and make the final shape of the report.
Covering an area of 147,181 square kilometers, Nepal is located in between China and India.
The country’s altitude ranges from 70 m above sea level in the south to 8848m at the summit of Mount Everest. Nepal experiences a wide range of climates, ranging from sub-tropical in the lowlands to the arctic climate in the high mountains. It harbors a total population of 23.15 million with 2.24% annual growth rate. About 86% of the total population lives in the rural areas.
There are 35 major forest types and 118 ecosystems found in Nepal. In terms of growing
stocks Shorea robusta, Quercus spp, Terminalia alata, Pinus roxburghii, Abies spectabilis,
Rhododendron spp, Alnus nepalensis, Schima wallichii, Tsuga dumosa are the major tree
species. Based on the last NFI, total stem volume (over bark) of reachable forests is 388
million cubic metres and the total biomass of stems, branches and leaves is 429 million tonnes (air dry).

FAO ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
04.05.00  -  Forestry
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