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Analysis of Labour Market and Migration Trends in Nepal
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Large-scale migration from Nepal and the concurrent inflow of remittances has led the government and its development partners to explore opportunities to harness the potential of migration for the overall development of the country. This paper analyses the trends and patterns of labour markets and migration in Nepal and provides an assessment of the roles and activities of the government and private sector organisations as they relate to existing policies and systems directed at the provison of information, and preparation and recruitment of labour migrants.

Migration has become an integral aspect of the development discourse in Nepal. In the fiscal year 2013/14 alone, approximately half a million Nepalis, mainly the youth, took up foreign employment.1 (This figure excludes migrants to India, and migrant workers who went abroad without the government-issued labour permits.) The total remittances received during the first nine months of FY 2013/14 was approximately NPR 397.8 billion (USD 4.1 billion), or close to 30 per cent of the country’s total GDP.2 This large-scale outflow of Nepali youths and the concurrent inflow of remittances have led the government and its development partners to consider opportunities that would allow the harnessing of the potential of migration for the overall development of the country. However, even as remittances continue to contribute to the stability of the economy, Nepal has a long way to go to make migration a managed sector. To train or teach skills to migrant workers so that they can become competitive in the international labour market and to supply migrant workers according to the demands in destination countries remain a challenge to Nepal.

#Labour #Migration

GIZ, ILO ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
12.01.00  -  Employment Promotion And Planning
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