United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Terai Landscape Conservation
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Nepal’s western Terai, with its extensive areas of sal and chure forest, grasslands, wetlands and major river systems, is an important home for globally significant biodiversity including:
1. Royal Bengal tigers, Asian one-horned rhinoceroses, wild Asian elephants, black bucks, Gangetic dolphins, and hispid hares;
2. More than 350 species of birds of which more than 20% are threatened; and
3. Extensive crop diversity, including local varieties of paddy rice, barley, and millet.
The area’s rapidly growing population of more than half a million people is seriously threatening this biodiversity as over-grazing, over-exploitation and uncontrolled forest fires degrade the forests; as forests are converted into farmland; as poaching and other human pressures reduce the number of wild plants and animals, and as traditional crop varieties are replaced by modern cultivars. The loss of forests and other habitats means that the forest corridors through which wildlife travel from Nepal’s protected areas to protected areas in India to the south and the Churia forests to the north, are being rapidly degraded.
Publisher:
GoN, WTLCP/UNDP, GEF ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
GRASSLANDS, LANDSCAPE PROTECTION, SOIL CONSERVATION, FOREST CONSERVATION, WETLANDS, FORESTS, BIODIVERSITY, CROP VARIETIES, WILDLIFE CONSERVATION, LIVELIHOODS, CROP DIVERSIFICATION, PRODUCTION, ECOSYSTEM, HUMAN SETTLEMENTS, AFFORESTATION, FOREST PRODUCTS, ILLICIT TRADE, LIVESTOCK, CONSTRUCTION, CROPS, FORESTRY, FIREWOOD, POVERTY MITIGATION, MEDICINAL PLANTS, SPECIES CONSERVATION, TOURISM
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
09.01.00  -  Settlement Planning
Reference Link:
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