United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Sex Ratios and Gender Biased Sex Selection: History, Debates and Future Directions
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The report then provides summaries and commentaries on prominent research related to sex selection and adverse sex ratios. First and foremost there is the expanding discipline of demography that has become quite sophisticated in terms of analyses of macro level trends for different population groups. There has been an obsession with numbers, but also with estimating to what extent the changing patterns can be put down to differential mortality rates, female infanticide and sex selection before birth. Different estimates are discussed, including how demographers themselves have offered varying interpretations, theories of causation and possible consequences – whether from the side of medical technology or that of gender discrimination. The role that improvements in survival for boys can also play in making sex ratios look worse is also noted. The report provides brief pictures of more recent studies that go beyond standard accounts, including the role of civil society and the state, changing familial patterns and so on. This section also includes brief mention of an ethnographically oriented multi-sited study in several districts of north west India. This study probed the local contexts and multiple reasons including counter intuitive factors of increased education, rise in marriage, and anxieties over sexuality) which are heightened during fertility decline.
#SexRatios
Publisher:
UNFPA, UNWOMEN ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
INDEPENDENCE, SEX RATIO, EQUALITY, WOMEN, POLICY MAKING, ABORTION, DEMOGRAPHERS, VIOLENCE, RESEARCH, LITERATURE, DOWRY, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, CENSUS, ECONOMISTS, WOMEN, MORTALITY, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, BIRTH, DEATHS, LAW, POVERTY, POPULATION, POVERTY MITIGATION, EDUCATION, MARRIAGE, LABOUR, EMPLOYMENT, HOUSEHOLDS, SEX SELECTION, MEDICAL TREATMENT, DISABILITY, ICT, MOTHERHOOD, CHILD MORTALITY, LIFE EXPECTANCY, PUNISHMENT, DISEASES, GENDER EQUALITY, URBANIZATION, PREGNANT WOMEN, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Thematic Group:
 UNFPA : Population studies
Thesaurus:
14.02.01  -  Discrimination
Reference Link:
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