United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Sex Imbalances At Birth: Current Trends, Consequences, and Policy Implications
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Education, urbanization and economic development have significantly improved opportunities for Asian women and girls over the last two decades. Yet, this well-documented progress in women’s status and gender equality has coincided with a less glorious fall in the proportion of girls among children in many countries. The decline, caused to a large extent by an increase in prenatal sex selection in the past 20 years, is leading to an alarming demographic masculinization. This intensifying gender imbalance will have an adverse impact at many levels on men, women and families over the next half century.Prenatal sex selection leads to distorted levels of sex ratios at birth (SRB), which today range between 110 and 120 male births per 100 female births in many countries, as against the standard biological level of 104-106. Birth masculinity as measured by the sex ratio at birth reaches levels above 120 or 130 in some specific regions, pointing to the intensity of son preference and gender discrimination there. Meanwhile, postnatal sex selection – measured by excess deaths among female infants and young girls – has not yet disappeared from several countries, reflecting the continuing discrimination against and neglect of female children.
#SexImbalances #ImbalancesAtBirth
Publisher:
UNFPA ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
SEX, BIRTH, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, CHILDREN, HOUSEHOLDS, FAMILY, FERTILITY, WOMEN, MARRIAGE, POPULATION, INFANTS, CHILD MORTALITY, EDUCATION, URBANIZATION, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, GENDER EQUALITY, SEX RATIO, SOCIAL PROBLEMS, HEALTH, POLICY MAKING, ETHNICITY, ADOLESCENTS, MATERNAL MORTALITY, ABORTION, MIGRATION, BIRTH REGISTRATION, BIRTH MASCULINITY, BREASTFEEDING, HEALTH SERVICES, DEATHS, LIFE EXPECTANCY, AGRICULTURE, URBAN AREAS, REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, RURAL AREAS, EMPLOYMENT
Thematic Group:
 UNFPA : Population studies
Thesaurus:
08.01.00  -  Population Dynamics
Reference Link:
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