United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Demographic Prognosis for South Asia: a Future of Rapid Ageing
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This study analyses the situation of population ageing in South Asia. 1 At present the eight countries of this sub-region together account for 15 per cent of the World’s and nearly 25 per cent of the developing world’s older population. These proportions are projected to increase to respectively 22 and 28 per cent by 2050 (UNDESA 2007a). The study reviews the changing demographic scenario since 1950 and how it is projected to evolve to the year 2050. It brings out the distinct difference between the changes in the age structure of the population during the fifty years before and after 2000, highlighting issues relating to the older population which the national governments will have to address. It reviews policy measures which some of the governments in the sub-region have already initiated and outlines recommendations for further measures that should be considered during years to come.
The Report is divided into six sections. Section 1 explains the demographics of ageing: how the decline in fertility and improvements in life expectancy contribute to changes in the age structure of the population and the demographic impact of these changes. Section 2 describes the characteristic features of the older population, highlighting the gradually increasing shift towards older ages within the older population, the high female:male ratio among the older population and the rural-urban differences in population ageing.
#Ageing #older population
Publisher:
UNFPA ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
AGEING, HEALTH SERVICES, INCOME MAINTENANCE, EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL SECURITY, VIOLENCE, CONFLICT, FERTILITY, LIFE EXPECTANCY, BIRTH, POPULATION, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, FEMINIZATION, HEALTH, DISABILITY, CHILDREN, AGE, FAMILY PLANNING, FREEDOM, MORTALITY, DISCRIMINATION, POLICY MAKING, LEGISLATION, SOCIAL PROTECTION, POVERTY, CIVIL SOCIETY, RURAL AREAS, URBAN AREAS, URBANIZATION, AGRICULTURE, SOCIAL SERVICES, SOCIO ECONOMIC, SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED PERSONS, WOMEN, FUNDS, MIGRATION, NATURAL DISASTERS
Thematic Group:
 UNFPA : Population studies
Thesaurus:
08.01.00  -  Population Dynamics
Reference Link:
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