United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
The Food Security Atlas Of Nepal
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Since 1996 Nepal has made considerable progress in reducing extreme poverty and food insecurity. Social and human development indicators, such as life expectancy, infant and maternal mortality rates, poverty incidence and adult literacy, have improved and,despite a decade- long conflict, the country has made notable progress towards a paining the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs). However, not with standing these encouraging trends, Nepal remains one of the poorest and most food insecure countries in Asia. In recent years, the effects of natural disasters, high food prices, and stagnation in economic growth have taken their toll and their combined impact is revealed in increased food insecurity of Nepal’s most vulnerable population groups. It has especially impacted households in the remote districts of the Far and Mid-Western Hills and Mountains. The population of Nepal is known for its resilience. Many people live in harsh and remote conditions. Knowing how to survive with limited resources, overcome disappointments such as crop and asset loss due to natural disasters, and deal with the uncertainty of whether or not there will be sufficient food is part of many people’s daily life. The Nepalese have learned to cope through diversifying their livelihoods and migrant out in search of employment during these mes of distress. This mind-set has contributed to a decline in poverty by 11 percent during the period 1995/96 to 2003/04. There are however a few caveats, I would like to point out. Firstly, population growth to some extent undermined the progress in poverty reduce on. In absolute terms, the number of poor reduced by less than one million during this period. Secondly, the persistent high food prices since the end of 2007 may have reversed the positive trend in poverty reduction or, at best, slowed it down. Thirdly, inequality between the well-off and the poor has grown considerably. And lastly, the reduction in poverty was to a large extent driven by an increase in remittances . A sign that for many young Nepali men there is little economic potential at home, as reflected in high un-or underemployment, low wages, and food scarcity.
Publisher:
WFP, GoN, NDRI ,   (2010 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
FOOD, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD AID, FOOD PRODUCTION, FOOD STOCKS, FOOD DISTRIBUTION, LIVELIHOOD, NUTRITION, MALNUTRITION, HUNGER, LIFE EXPECTANCY, INFANT MORTALITY, DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS, GENDER, HEALTH, EDUCATION, AGRICULTURE, CLIMATE CHANGE, HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES, ETHNIC GROUPS, DEMOGRAPHY, POPULATION DENSITY, CASTE, EMPLOYMENT, WOMEN, MOUNTAIN AREAS, PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE, MARKETS, DISEASES, WATER, SANITATION, HEALTH SERVICES, NATURAL DISASTERS, CONFLICT, POLITICAL ASPECTS, MIGRATION
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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