United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Reducing Distress Migration Through Decent Rural Employment
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Highlights:
1. Migration affects the lives of hundreds of millions of people worldwide. In the next decades, demographic trends, globalization,inequality, and climate change are likely to further increase migration pressures both within and across countries.
2. Migration is a complex phenomenon. It can benefit migrants and their families, but there are also major challenges (Table 1). Migration is a key component of rural livelihoods, by which households aim to diversify their income sources, and thus escape poverty and food insecurity.
3. Many rural youths choose to migrate in search of a better life. About a third of all international migrants are young, aged between 15 and 34. Many move away because of the lack of decent jobs in rural areas and the unattractiveness of low-productivity agriculture.
4. FAO advises countries on how to better manage rural labour mobility, by fostering rural-urban linkages and promoting the investment of remittances in rural farm and non-farm activities. As developing countries undergo processes of structural economic
transformation, FAO works to generate viable options for rural people by creating decent rural employment opportunities.
5. FAO generates knowledge about the root causes of migration. There is still a paucity of
information about the movement and contribution of migration to agriculture. In part, as a result of this, many countries lack incentive structures that take advantage of the positive effects of migration (e.g., workers moving to labour scarce areas, leveraging remittances for agricultural investment, etc.), while mitigating the risks associated with large migratory flows.
Publisher:
FAO ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
MIGRATION, RURAL EMPLOYMENT, EMPLOYMENT, LIVELIHOOD, INCOME INEQUALITY, MIGRANTS, REMITTANCES, POVERTY, FOOD SECURITY, YOUTH, GENDER ROLES, DECENT WORK, RURAL AREAS, AGRICULTURE, FARMS, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, IRREGULAR MIGRANTS, FEMALE MIGRANTS
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
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