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संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघ साधारण सभाले पारित गरेको प्रस्ताव वितरण ः सामान्य(२८ मार्च २०१३) ६७ औं सत्र कार्यसूची संख्याः १०३ (तेश्रो समितिको प्रतिवेदन बमोजिम, ए/६७/४५८)
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Highlights:
1. विधिको शासनमा आधारित एक स्वच्छ, मानवीय र प्रभावकारी फौजदारी न्याय प्रणालीका लागि कानुनी सहायता एक आवश्यकीय तत्व हो । यो प्रणाली अन्य अधिकारहरूको भोगचलनका लागि एक आधारशिलाको रूपमा रहन्छ । यस्ता अधिकारहरूको प्रयोगको
पूर्वशर्त र फौजदारी न्याय प्रकृयाका जनविश्वास र आधारभूत निष्पक्षता सुनिश्चत गर्ने एक महत्वपूर्ण सुरक्षा उपायको रूपमा कानुनी सहायताको अपरिहार्यतालाई मानव अधिकारहरूका विश्वव्यापी घोषणापत्रको धारा ११ मा समेत परिभाषा गरिएको छ ।
2. यसका अतिरिक्त फौजदारी अभियोग लागेको जुनसुकै व्यक्तिलाई निजको उपस्थितिमा मुद्दा चलाइने र व्यक्तिगत वा निजले चुनेको वा तोकिएको कानुनी सहायताको माध्यमबाट निजको प्रतिरक्षा गरिने र न्यायको मकसदबमोजिम एक सक्षम, स्वतन्त्र र निष्पक्ष कानुनसृजित
अदालतबाट पुर्पक्ष गरिने व्यवस्था नागरिक र राजनीतिक अधिकार सम्बन्धी अन्तराष्ट्रिय अनुबन्ध (धारा १४, अनुच्छेद ३ घ) मा गरिएको छ।
3. एक कृयाशील फौजदारी न्याय प्रणालीको अवयवको रूपमा एक सुचारू कानुनी सहायता प्रणालीले प्रहरी थाना र थुनुवा केन्द्रहरूमा आशंकित व्यक्तिहरू रहने समयावधि र कैदीहरूको संख्या घटाउन, गलत रूपमा दोषी ठहराउने, कारागारको अतिघनत्व, अदालतहरूको
साँघुरोपना, पुनःअपराध र पुनःपीडितीकरणलाई न्यून गर्न महत्वपूर्ण रूपमा सघाउँछ । साथै, यसले फौजदारी न्याय प्रणालीमा पीडित र साक्षीका अधिकारहरूको संरक्षण समेत गर्दछ । कानुनी सचेतना अभिवृद्धि गर्दै अपराध निवारणमा योगदान गर्नका लागि कानुनी सहायताको उपयोग गर्न सकिन्छ ।
4. गैरथुना उपायसहित डाइभर्सन र समुदायमा आधारित दण्ड र कारवाहीहरूको प्रयोगमा कानुनी सहायताले उल्लेख्य भूमिका निर्वाह गर्दछ । साथै, यसबाट फौजदारी न्याय प्रणालीमा समुदायको बढ्दो संलग्नताको प्रवर्धन, थुना र कैदको अनावश्यक प्रयोगमा नियन्त्रण,
फौजदारी न्याय नीतिहरूको विवेकीकरण एवं राष्ट्रका संसाधनहरूको प्रभावकारी उपयोग सुनिश्चित हुन सक्दछ ।
5. तर अफसोचजनक रूपमा कैयौं मुलुकहरूमा अभैm पनि शंकित व्यक्तिहरू, फौजदारी अभियुक्तहरू, कैदी, पीडित र साक्षीहरूलाई कानुनी सहायता प्रदान गर्नका लागि आवश्यक साधन र क्षमता रहेको छैन।
Publisher:
UNDP ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in Nepali - नेपाली
Keywords:
LAWS, LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS, HUMAN RIGHTS, ECONOMIC LAW, CIVIL RIGHTS, POLITICAL RIGHTS, SOCIAL RIGHTS, LEGAL AID, LEGAL SERVICES, LEGAL ASPECTS, EQUALITY,TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
01.07.00  -  General And National Law
Reference Link:
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