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Nepal Earthquake 2015 Post Disaster Needs Assessment ( Vol. B : Sector Reports)
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The sector of housing and human settlements was affected the most. The total effects (damages and losses) are valued at NPR 350,379 million, with the total damages amounting to NPR 303,631 million and the total losses estimated at NPR 46,748 million. Severe damages and losses to health infrastructure, disruption of healthcare service delivery, more than 8,000 deaths and injuries to upwards of 20,000 individuals testify to the severe manner in which the health and population sector was affected. Over 80 percent of the affected health facilities were from the most affected districts and this affected the ability of these facilities to respond to the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations, including disaster victims, particularly in remote areas. The overwhelming share of damages and losses was borne by the public sector. Undernutrition has been a longstanding problem in Nepal. The key indicators of child undernutrition such as stunted growth and wasting currently stand at 37.5 percent and 11.3 percent respectively at the national level. The most recently available pre-earthquake data collated from the 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) and the 2014 Small Area Estimation (SAE) indicates a high rate of child undernutrition in the affected districts. Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices were also found to be sub-optimal in those districts. The PDNA for the education sector is part of the broader PDNA conducted for all sectors under the overall leadership of the National Planning Commission (NPC). It is a joint exercise of the Government of Nepal (GoN) and development partners, and has been led by the Ministry of Education (MoE). In the aftermath of the 2015 earthquake, Nepal suffered its worst loss of heritage since the earthquake of 1934. Major monuments in Kathmandu’s seven World Heritage Monument Zones were severely damaged and many collapsed completely. In addition, in more than 20 districts, thousands of private residences built on traditional lines, historic public buildings, ancient and recently built temples and monasteries, were affected by the disaster, 25 percent of which were destroyed completely. The total estimated damages to tangible heritage is NPR 16.9 billion (US$ 169 million). The earthquake affected about 2,900 structures with a cultural, historical and religious heritage value. The list of affected structures was collated by the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation (MoCTCA), the Pashupati Area Development Trust, and the Buddhist Philosophy Promotion and Monastery Development Committee. The earthquakes damaged crop lands, physical infrastructure (mainly small irrigation systems, poly houses, livestock shelters, agricultural tools, equipment and machinery), mills, office buildings, service centres, laboratories and residential premises in government installations. Production losses occurred especially in the agricultural crop and livestock subsectors, specifically for animal fodder, fruit, potatoes, mushroom and vegetables, livestock, poultry, fish and finger lings, cash crops, stock for seed and animal feed, egg and honey production, and stored food grains. The production losses include the value of production oft he lost crops, increased cost of production and estimated production losses in subsequent seasons. The Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) in the irrigation sector covered 31 districts, including the 14 most-affected districts. In these hilly and mountain districts, an estimated 1877 small- and medium-scale farmer-managed irrigation schemes irrigated about 121,900 hectares of land before the earthquakes. The infrastructure and functionality of about 290 of these irrigation schemes was affected to various degrees by the earthquakes.
Publisher:
GoN, UN, ADB, EU, JICA, WB ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
EARTHQUAKES, EARTHQUAKE ZONES, SEISMIC ACTIVITY, NATURAL DISASTERS, TOURISM, AVALANCHES, WATER, SANITATION, HYGIENE, DISASTER VICTIMS, DISASTER RELIEF, DISASTER PREPAREDNESS, RECONSTRUCTION, FORESTRY, EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION, CULTURAL HERITAGE, AID COORDINATION, RESCUE OPERATIONS, NUTRITION, AGRICULTURE, IRRIGATION, EMERGENCY SHELTER, RELIEF TRANSPORT, POVERTY, GENDER EQUALITY, SOCIAL INCLUSION, HEALTH, POPULATION, NEEDS ASSESSMENT, POST DISASTER, HOUSING, GENDER EQUALITY
Thematic Group:
 UN : International Peace and Security
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
Reference Link:
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