United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Shelter and Settlements Vulnerability Assessment : Nepal 25 April/ 12May Earthquakes Response ( June 2015 )
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On 25 April 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal with its epicentre in Lamjung District, approximately 81km northwest of the country capital, Kathmandu. Intense tremors, and subsequent aftershocks, landslides, and avalanches caused widespread damage to homes, infrastructure, and livelihoods, affecting millions of people across 39 out of 75 districts. The Nepalese government categorized 14 of these districts as severely affected: Dhading, Gorkha, Rasuwa, Kavrepalanchok, Nuwakot, Dolakha, Sindhupalchok, Kathmandu, Ramechhap, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Makawanpur, Sindhuli and Okhaldhunga. Combined, these districts contain over 2 million people. Amid ongoing recovery efforts following the earthquake of 25 April 2015, Nepal was struck by a second earthquake on 12 May 2015, with a magnitude of 7.4. The epicentre of the second earthquake was located further east than the first, close to the border between the Sindupalchok and Dolakha districts, causing further damage in areas that had already been affected, whilst causing new devastation in areas which had previously experienced limited damage. According to government estimates, the earthquakes combined caused over 8,790 casualties and 22,300 injuries, and left over 500,000 houses and hundreds of historical and cultural monuments destroyed.1 It is estimated that the earthquakes affected the lives of approximately eight million people, constituting almost one-third of the population of Nepal. REACH was deployed to Nepal in the framework of its partnership with the Global Shelter Cluster on 27 April 2015 to participate in the implementation of a detailed inter-agency shelter and settlements vulnerability assessment. The assessment sought to: verify emergency shelter & NFI coverage assumptions and conduct gap analysis; enable the shelter cluster to define a comprehensive shelter & settlements recovery strategy; and establish a baseline and method for longitudinal study of recovery. Primary data collection was conducted across 14 districts between 16 May and 3 June 2015. The districts were selected based on their classification as prioritized earthquake-affected districts by the Government of Nepal.
Publisher:
UNHABITAT ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
EARTHQAUKES, NATURAL DISASTERS, DISASTER-PRONE AREAS, DISASTER PREPAREDNESS, DISASTER PREVENTION, DISASTER VICTIMS, DISASTER RELIEF, EARTHQUAKE ZONES, EMERGENCY SHELTER, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES, LANDSLIDES, FLOODS, LIVELIHOODS, AVALANCHES, WATER, SANITATION, HEALTH, MASS COMMUNICATION, PUBLIC SERVICES, FOOD ASSISTANCE, LATRINES, EMERGENCY RELIEF, STAKEHOLDERS, LIVESTOCK
Thematic Group:
 UNHABITAT : Human Settlements
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
Reference Link:
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