United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Creating a Healing Environment ( Volume I: Proceedings ) Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and Other Worst Forms of Child Labour
PDF File Size: 262 KB | Download   
Today, tens of thousands of children and women across South Asia live in sexual servitude, victims of duplicity, coercion and illegal transportation. While trafficking and the abduction of persons for sexual purposes have existed on the sub-continent for millennia, concerted efforts at prevention have been made only in the last 15 years. Accompanying preventive interventions, in the last decade dozens of non-government organizations (NGOs) and government bodies with the support of donor organizations have been seeking ways to release children and women from the brothels and assist them in returning to their homes and communities, or in some cases starting new lives in South Asian society. Efforts at release are problematic, and at this time are primarily limited to ‘rescue raids’ on brothels to secure children presumed to be trafficking victims, and attempts at intercepting traffickers in the act of transporting people across national borders. At the same time, efforts to assist trafficking survivors to successfully re-enter society – most commonly termed ‘rehabilitation’ (or ‘recovery’) and ‘reintegration’ – are also problematic, and NGOs, governments and donors are now facing challenges that they have not faced before.The challenges of rehabilitation are found in addressing the psychological and physical trauma frequently undergone by victims of trafficking. Children may be deeply affected by removal from their homes, incarceration, rape, physical abuse and repeated forced sexual intercourse, compounded by guilt and social stigmatization for being a prostitute. They may have physical problems resulting from rape and beatings, or communicable diseases such as tuberculosis or HIV/AIDS. While attending to physical trauma is within the experience and capacity of the existing medical system in South Asia, attending to psychological trauma is a relatively new and limited field on the sub-continent. The reintegration of trafficking survivors into mainstream society also has many challenges primarily stemming from South Asia’s socio-economic situation and from its culture, traditions and mores. Prejudice against sex workers – even those forced into the profession is almost universal and is nearly impossible to eradicate. Extreme gender discrimination and patriarchal social rules not only make survivors subject to continued harassment and often rape, but restrict them from finding a place in the working world and from living independently from family or male protectors. In addition, the socio economic situation of South Asia provides few opportunities for any young person, much less a trafficking survivor, to find adequately paid employment, particularly that which provides income comparable to prostitution. In the last five to seven years, NGOs and governments with donor support have established numerous facilities for the rehabilitation and reintegration of child trafficking survivors, as well as survivors of domestic violence, abandonment, rape and abusive labour situations. In some cases, these facilities were established almost overnight, in response to efforts that released children and women from brothel situations or forced the closure of established brothel communities, putting them on the streets. With the best of intentions, NGOs who had previously been working in women’s economic empowerment, legal rights, agricultural development and other areas have established facilities while having limited knowledge and experience in psychosocial care of the abused. Similarly, supporting donors have initiated psychosocial care interventions and promoted government plans of action to address rehabilitation and reintegration while drawing on relatively limited experience in psychology, social work and the operation of care institutions for the abused.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2002 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
CHILD LABOUR, CHILD WELFARE, CHILD SURVIVAL, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, CHILD ABUSE, HUMANRESOURCES, CHILD PROSTITUTION, LABOUR LAW, CHILD MIGRANTS, CHILD CARE, COMMERICAL SEX WORKERS, AIDS, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, BROTHEL, CHILD PRATICIPATION, CASTE, REHABILITATION, REINTEGRATION, RAPE VICTIMS, CASE MANAGEMENT, PHYSICAL ABUSE, EMPOWERMENT, DISCRIMINATION, CHILD MORTALITY, CHILD NEEDS
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
12.06.00  -  Special Categories Of Workers
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
581  times viewed
1  times downloaded.
Feeder: ANG1EE12 , Editor: ALISHA THAPALIYA , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
Compassionate Care: Proceedings of Workshops
Nepal Trafficking in Girls With Special Reference to Prostitution: A Rapid Assessment
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 2 Nepal Trafficking in Girls With Special Reference to Prostitution: A Rapid Assessment
Towards Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour as Priority (ACHIEVE)
ILO Technical Cooperation – Child Labour (2014)
Creating a Healing Environment (Volume II: Technical Papers) - Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and Other Worst Forms of Child Labour
Creating a Healing Environment (Volume II: Technical Papers) Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and Other Worst Forms of Child Labour
Country Paper Nepal (October 2001)
Study on Demand Side of Trafficking of Children and Women in Nepal
Trafficking and Sexual Abuse among Street Children in Kathmandu - no 1
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Specialized Training Manual on Psychosocial Counseling for Trafficked Youth - handling the trauma of sexual exploitation
Trafficking in Persons (Especially on Women and Children )in Nepal
Nepal Situation of Child Ragpickers: A Rapid Assessment
Compassionate Care - Proceedings of Workshops: Directions in Community-based Care, and Social Reintegration for Nepal
Combating Trafficking In Children For Labour Exploitation In The South Asia: Report On South Asian Consultation (12-14 October)
Report of the National Workshop on Interventions against Trafficking of Children
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 6 Nepal Situation of Child Porters: A Rapid Assessment
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 5 Nepal Bonded Labour Among Child Workers of the Kamaiya System: A Rapid Assessment
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 4 Nepal Situation of Child Ragpickers: A Rapid Assessment
A Rapid Assessment: Child Labour in the Nepalese Carpet Sector
Trafficking In Person Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 3 - Nepal Situation of Domestic Child Labourers in Kathmandu: A Rapid Assessment
World Day Against Child Labour ( 12 June 2015 )
Child Protection Mapping and Assessment Summary Report (September 2015)
UNICEF Nepal Country Office Combating Child Labour in Nepal
The Linkage Between Women's Emloyment, Family Welfare And Child Labour in Nepal
Nepal Situation of Child Porters: A Rapid Assessment
Migration and Child Labour Exploring Child Migrant Vulnerabilities and Those of Children Left-Behind
From Protocol to Practice:A Bridge to Global Action on Forced Labour (The Bridge Project)2015
Report On The National Stakeholder Consultation On The Time-Bound Programme Against The Worst Forms Of Child Labour in Nepal (June 2001)
ILO Technical Cooperation : Child Labour - Sustainable elimination of child bonded labour in Nepal (Phases I- II)
Nepal Situation of Domestic Child Labourers in Kathmandu: A Rapid Assessment
Child Soldiers for Adult Wars: Exploitation in Nepal and Sri Lanka
Effectiveness of Existing Laws and Institutional Existing Laws to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children in Nepal
Eliminating Child Labour In Nepal : Facts, figures, commitments and action
Profits And Poverty: The Economics Of Forced Labour
Child migrants in child labour: An invisible group in need of attention
Message From Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General Of UNESCO, On The Occasion Of World Day Against Child Labour - 12 June 2009
Internal Trafficking Among Children and Youth Engaged In Prostitution
Trafficking of Children And Women in Nepal
Nepal Child Labour Report Based on Data Drawn from the Nepal Labour Force Survey -2008
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Successful Strategies and Experiences in Combating Child Bonded Labour in Nepal
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Nepal Earthquakes: One Year Later Moving On
UNICEF CHILD PROTECTION EARTHQUAKE RESPONSE APRIL - MAY 2015
35th Anniversary ILO-Nepal Partnership
South Asia Launch of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2009
South Asia Launch of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2009
South Asia Launch of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2009
South Asia Launch of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2009
South Asia Launch of the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2009
Education: Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief (June 2015)
Terms of Reference (TOR) for Issuance of Grant to an NGO for provision of protection and rehabilitation services to victims of cross-border trafficking in Nepal
Trafficking in Persons Especially on Women And Children in Nepal
Working for Nepalese Children - An Overview of Child Labour Related Programmes in Nepal - 2001
Trafficking In Persons Especially On Women And Children In Nepal
Evaluation Summaries - Sustainable Elimination of Child Bonded Labour in Nepal: Phase II
United Nations Children’s Fund Revised country programme document Nepal (2008-2010)
Response To Human Trafficking In Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
Compiled Field Reports from Dhanusha, Siraha, Saptari, Dang, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur Districts of Nepal
Promoting Recovery and Resilience among Earthquake affected Communities: Communication and Social Mobilisation Initiatives to Address Human Trafficking and Gender-based Violence
Child Labour Situation in Nepal
Costs and benefits of eliminating child labour in Nepal
Convention On The Rights Of The Child (Twelfth Session)
Human Rights Messages on International Migrants Day, 18 December
HIV/AIDS and Working Children in Nepal
Resource Kit on Child Labour
End Violence Against women And Children Campaign To Mark International Women’s Day
Forced Labour of Adults and Children in The Agriculture Sector of Nepal - ILO Country Office for Nepal Series no. 11
Dalits and Labour in Nepal: Discrimination and Forced Labour
Child Protection Sub-Cluster Contingency Plan
Measuring Children's Work In South Asia
Progress for Children - A Report Card On Child Protection Number 8, September 2009
HIV/AIDS And Working Children in Nepal
Migration of Working Children in Nepal
Child And Maternal Nutrition
ILO Technical Cooperation : Child Labour - Towards Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour as Priority (ACHIEVE) – Nepal (Phases I-II)(June 2014)
Forced Labour of Adults and Children in the Agriculture Sector of Nepal, ILO Country Office for Nepal- Series no. 11
Occupational Safety and Health Development in Nepal (SHIELD)
COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE CONVENTION
Promoting The Health Of Left-Behind Children Of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence For Policy And Action
POLICY BRIEF ACHIEVING THE BEST OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN
ILO Approves US$500,000 Projects to Combat Child Labour
Unified Budget and Workplan 2002-2003 - Performance report: Technical Supplement
UNICEF Nepal Humanitarian Situation Report 16, 24 June 2015
UN Newsletter - Vol. 66 (Sept - Oct 2017)
GENPROM Working Paper No. 12 : Series on Gender in the Life Cycle : The Linkages Between Women's Employment, Family Welfare And Child Labour In Nepal
ILO Publications Autumn 2012
Convention on the Rights of the Child :Consideration of the reports submitted by States parties under article 44 of the Convention
United Nations Children's Fund
Protect the Rights of Children
Final Report Review of The Office of The National Rapporteur at The National Human Rights Commission Kathmandu, Nepal
Ensure timely implementation of agreement with the freed Haliyas
Nepal: Who is Assessing Monitoring What, Where ? (As of March, 2009)
Mobilising Communities for Child Protection
UN Newsletter - Vol. 73 (Nov-Dec 2018)
South Aisan Project Against Debt Bondage : Findings On Debt Bondage : Long-term Farm Labour Systems In Kavre Palanchok and Sarlahi Districts, Nepal
100 result(s) found.