United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
From Challenges To Opportunities: Responses to Trafficking and HIV/AIDS in South Asia
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South Asia is a region marked by various forms of inequities and disparities, be they economic, social or political. Within this region, several forms of socially sanctioned violations and practices related to issues of sex and sexuality, reinforce discriminatory norms and values and intensify stigma and marginalization. Such norms and practices further influence masculine and feminine identities and socialise men and women into specific gendered-roles that are crucial determinants in exacerbating the multiple vulnerabilities of women and men to a plethora of developmental challenges, including unsafe migration, trafficking and HIV/AIDS.
It is estimated that the prevalence of HIV infection is the highest in women aged 15-25 years, while it peaks in men between five to ten years later. Almost 50 percent of those living with HIV/AIDS are found to be women (UNAIDS 2002). In order to comprehensively address the multiple vulnerabilities faced by young persons, especially young women, to HIV/AIDS, it is imperative to focus on existent gender relations and inequalities that define the lives and realities faced by women and men.
The publication includes brief analyses of the organisations' successes, the challenges they face, the opportunities they open up, and the learning that emerges from initiatives ranging from sustained policy-level advocacy to groundbreaking grassroots-level action. The studies reflect considerable diversity in the scope of responses to the issues, be it in the field of safe mobility and informed migration, sustained media advocacy, rights-based recovery and repatriation, community-based care, support and reintegration or policy-level advocacy.
Publisher:
UNDP ,   (2003 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, HIV/AIDS, EPIDEMICS, SEXUAL VIOLENCE, GENDER ROLES, ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION, DISCRIMINATION, GENDER EQUALITY, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, HUMAN RIGHTS, WOMEN RIGHTS, EMPOWERMENT, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, SEX WORKERS, MEDIA ADVOCACY, REINTEGRATION, REHABILITATION CENTRES, LAW ENFORCEMENT, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, AIDS PREVENTION, VOCATIONAL TRAINING, CAPACITY BUILDING, TRAINING PROGRAMMES, REHABILITATION
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
Reference Link:
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