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South Aisan Project Against Debt Bondage : Findings On Debt Bondage : Long-term Farm Labour Systems In Kavre Palanchok and Sarlahi Districts, Nepal
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The project has been initiated as a response to ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour (1999), and to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998). The latter explicitly recognizes the obligation of the Organization to provide support to its members, Governments, Employers and Workers organizations, with technical assistance in their efforts to eradicate forced labour.The project objective is to contribute to reducing the vulnerability of very poor families to debt traps by providing microfinance and complementary services to households that are most at risk to become bonded or to give away their children into bondage.Debt bondage is the most common form of forced labour and results from an unequal access to resources and unequal balance of power within the communities. By providing financial services to the targeted population through existing microfinance institutions, the project aims at increasing their access to alternative sources of credit, savings and insurance, and at reducing the comparative importance of the employer as a moneylender on the local market.Bonded labour is made of a complex web of relations that are not exclusively financial. In addition to the core microfinance function of the project, support is provided in the areas of public sensitization, education, primary health care, income generating activities, group organization and empowerment in general.In Nepal, the project works with the NGOs Mahila Upakar Munch (MUM) and Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) for the social and economic rehabilitation of 750 families of former bonded labourers (.Kamaiyas) and for 250 vulnerable families in Banke district. Research on other forms of bonded labour (e.g. Haliya) was carried in two districts in East and Central Nepal, which for he first time confirmed that debt bondage is not restricted to five districts in the Far and Mid-West. Research on discrimination and forced labour under Dalits is currently under way in ten districts of Nepal.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2002 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
LABOUR, LABOUR RELATIONS, DEBT BONDAGE, FORCED LABOUR, BONDED LABOUR, LABOUR EXPLOITATION, LABOUR LAW, LABOUR INSPECTION, LABOUR MARKET, LABOUR POLICY, FARM LABOUR, AGRICULTURAL LABOUR, CHILDREN, WOMEN, CASTE, LIVESTOCK, WATER, DRINKING WATER, FOOD SECURITY, MIGRATION, SOCIAL STATUS
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
Reference Link:
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