United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Review On : The Education Sector Response to HIV& AIDS In Nepal ( April 2009 )
PDF File Size: 1.31 MB | Download   
Young people comprise nearly one third of the total population in Nepal .They constitute largest proportion of people engaging in injecting drug use, unprotected paid sex and unprotected men to men sex. Studies have documented early initiation of these key risk behaviours among the young population in Nepal. At present, young people account more than half of all HIV infections. On the other hand, despite increase in general awareness,
comprehensive knowledge of the young people most at risk of HIV transmission is relatively low. Studies conducted with school adolescents have also documented their increased vulnerabilities to HIV infections. Though their awareness on modes of HIV transmission in urban areas is generally high, girl students and students from rural areas have demonstrated poor knowledge on HIV. Even the higher knowledge does not necessarily translate into safer sexual behaviours. In contrast to this, Nepal has a low coverage of HIV prevention programmes among the most at risk populations.
At present nine out of ten school age children are enrolled in school education in Nepal, and this trend is increasing. As compared to other institutions, schools have the highest institutional coverage in Nepal, and they are embedded well into the communities. They serve as available channels to disseminate structured educational messages to young people, and they have potential to reach to the wider community through their educational programmes.
Evidence recognises that young people attending schools are the least at risk and any intervention focused on them yields a low impact. There have been concerns that resources need to be allocated to the most at risk and vulnerable young people representing the three risk groups. Children are considered ‘windows of hope’ for containing and reversing HIV infection in the South Asia region, as they are ‘immunised’ with ‘shots’ of education.
Unfortunately, we have no hard data on which age group of young people are more prone to HIV, and how they can be most effectively reached. In this context, the role of schools to equip young people with information in their early years, and make them able to take healthy decisions and stop health compromising behaviours, appears promising. The role of education is important for providing the right educational messages on HIV prevention and mitigation, and reduction of stigma and discrimination against people infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. UNESCO considers it as one important area that the education sector can contribute and make education sector response a low cost and high impact initiative.
In case of Nepal, we have no evidence on what the education sector has done to prevent HIV and mitigate its impact. To what level the education sector itself has been impacted by HIV and AIDS is also not known. Questions are often raised about what pedagogical and other approaches are being taken, and to what extent those approaches meet the needs of adolescents, teachers and MOE staff. This study initiated by UNESCO Nepal Office and supported by UN Country Team, MOE and MOH, intended to review all the efforts made in the education sector in order to prevent, manage, and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in Nepal. The study was commissioned to an independent consultant and conducted in February 2009.
The methodology of the study included a desk review of available policies, project documents, secondary analysis of available data, and key informant interviews. Despite a short time span and resources, the study drew upon a cross-section of UN, MOE and MOH authorities, HIV/AIDS policy level representatives, and related I/NGOs in Nepal.
Publisher:
UNESCO ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
HIV/AIDS, AIDS PREVENTION, EDUCATION, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS, DISEASES, HARMONIZATION, EDUCATIONAL POLICY, DISEASE PREVENTION, EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT, INFORMATION SYSTEMS, HEALTH SERVICES, HEALTH, BLOOD SAFETY, THERAPEUTIC MATERIALS, NON-FORMAL EDUCATION, PRIMARY EDUCATION, SECONDARY EDUCATION, HIGHER EDUCATION, HUMAN RESOURCES, CAPACITY BUILDING
Thematic Group:
 UNESCO : Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Thesaurus:
10.03.02  -  Diseases And Carriers Of Diseases
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
606  times viewed
0  times downloaded.
Feeder: ANG1EE12 , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
National HIV/AIDS One-year Operational Plan -(2003-2004)
A PROFILE OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN NEPAL NEPAL MICS 2014 FURTHER ANALYSIS REPORT ON ADOLESCENTS
Nepal HIVision 2020
UN Cares Nepal
UNGASS Country Progress report 2010-Nepal
Country Progress Report on HIV/AIDS Response NEPAL
The Increasing Vulnerability of Children in Nepal
The Education Sector Reseponce to HIV/AIDS in Nepal
UNESCO Office In Kathmandu Launches “HIV/AIDS And Education – A Toolkit For Ministries Of Education”
HIV/AIDS and Human rights: Young People in Action
National Estimates Of Hiv Infections In Nepal- 2012
National Policy On HIV/AIDS In The Workplace (2007)
The People Living with HIV Stigma Index Nepal 2011
Prevention Of Transmission Of HIV Among Drug User In SAARC Countries (Module 3)
Children and AIDS Fifth Stocktaking Report
Getting To Zero: World AIDS Day
Press Statement: UNAIDS Concerned About Detention of AIDS Activists in Nepal
Understanding HIV and AIDS
Mapping & Size Estimation Of Most-At-Risk-Population In Nepal-2011: Vol.1 Male Sex Workers, Transgender & Their Clients
Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
2011 United Nations General Assembly Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS
Resource Inflow For The HIV & AIDS Programmes In Nepal -2010
Report on the First Outreach Training Workshop for Men Who Have Sex With Men in Nepal
कार्यस्थल साथी शिक्षकको लागि सहयोगी पुस्तिका
Regional Fact Sheet 2012
Nepal- Health Sector in Mid and Far Western Regions (4 July 2011)
Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2002
Joint Action for Results UNAIDS Outcome Framework (2009–2011)
HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Attitude of Professionals of Nepal
HIV/AIDS at the Workplace Programme - Internal Evaluation Report
Health Sector Response HIV And AIDS In Nepal
Legal Reference Brief Nepal Protective Laws related to HIV, Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People
United Nations Children's Fund
New UNAIDS Report Shows HIV Epidemic at Critical Juncture in Asia-Pacific Region
Study on Behaviour of Returnee Sex Workers from India to Assess Impact on the HIV Situation in Nepal
Nepal- Health Sectors and Programmes in Mid and Far Western Regions (28 July 2011)
National HIV and AIDS Action Plan 2008-2011
Prevention Of Spread Of HIV Amongst Vulnerable Groups In South Asia
An Assessment of the of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Nepal
Nepal Country Progress Report 2012 -(To contribute to Global AIDS Response Progress Report 2012)
Stigma Fuels HIV: Reporting on the Campaign in Asia and the Pacific
Getting to Zero in Nepal; World Aids Day
Time to Intensify Efforts for HIV/AIDS Services
Press Release On World Malaria Day (25 April 2008)
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FACT SHEETS ON HIV/AIDS AND SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
New Fast-Track HIV Plan Aims to End AIDS Epidemic in Nepal, by 2030
New Fast-Track HIV Plan Aims to End AIDS Epidemic in Nepal, by 2030
Methadone Maintenance Treatment: Intervention Toolkit
Rapid Situation and Response Assessment of Drugs and HIV in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
Universal Access To HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support: Review Report 2010
Celebration of 22nd World AIDS Day 2010, UN Nepal
Report Card HIV Prevention for Girl and Young Women
Universal Access for Children Affected by AIDS in Nepal (UCAAN) UNICEF, FHI, NAP+N and USAID Initiate a Partnership
Unified Budget and Workplan 2002-2003 - Performance report: Technical Supplement
एच आइ भी र एड्स सम्बन्धि जनकारिमुलक संगालो
Strategic Communication - For Behaviour and Social Change in South Asia
New Fast-Track HIV Plan aims to end AIDS epidemic in Nepal, by 2030 Nepal launches five-year strategic HIV plan: “Nepal HIVision 2020”
Nepal: Who is Assessing Monitoring What, Where ? (As of March, 2009)
UNICEF Annual Report for Nepal
National Guidelines for Voluntary HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing
The Gender Audit of The Response To HIV in Nepal
Implementing Comprehensive HIV And STI Programmes With Men Who Have Sex With Men: Practical Guidance For Collaborative Interventions
A Study On The Socio-Economic Impact Of HIV/AIDS In Nepal
NEPAL- Who is Assessing / Monitoring What, Where? (Jan '07 - Apr '08):Western Development Region
POSITIVE PROTECTION TRAINING MANUAL – PARTICIPANT’S HANDBOOK
Nepal Country Progress Report - 2012
(NO FILE) Time to Intensify Efforts for HIV/AIDS Services
Community Outreach on HIV and AIDS:Teachers as Agents of Change
UN Inter-agency HIV/AIDS Assessment Mission Conducted Among Conflict-affected Populations and Displaced Persons in Nepal
Prevention Of Transmission Of HIV Among Drug Users In SAARC Countries : Module-2
Prevention Of Transmission Of HIV Among Drug Users In SAARC Countries : Module-1
Participatory Planning and Management of HIV/AIDS-(NEP/97/003)-Mid Term Evalution Report
Country profile -tThe HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response in Nepal
Legal and Policy Concern Related To IDU Harm Reduction In SAARC Countries
Study to track resource inflow for the HIV & AIDS programme in Nepal-2010
HIV Monitoring and Evaluation System Strengthening (MESS) Workshop Report 2011
Good Practices in "HIV Prevention, Care and Treatment for Female Drug Users, Female Prisoners and Women living with HIV and AIDS in Nepal"
Maternal Mortality in 1990-2015
National HIV Testing and Treatment Guidelines 2017, Nepal
Prevention Of Transmission of HIV Among Drug Users In SAARC Countries: : Module-6
National HIV/AIDS Programme (2004-2005)
Halting And Reversing The Spread Of HIV
UNDAF District Profiles: Education, Health, Overview Graphics
National HIV Testing and Treatment Guidelines 2017
Nepal UNGASS Country Progress Report-Nepal
Innovative Approaches to HIV Prevention
Achieving The Millennium Development Goals By Enabling The Rural Poor To Overcome Their Poverty
एच आइ भी र एड्स सम्बन्धि आधारभुत जानकारिहरु
The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and The National Response In Nepal January 2003
Report of the Strategy Planning Meeting March 25-28, 2003 Biratnagar
United Nations Educational, Scientific And Cultural Organization
A Survey of Teenagers in Nepal
2014 Annual Results Report: Child Education
Halting And Reversing The HIV Epidemic In The South-East Asia Region – Getting It Right
HEALTH IN THE SDGs ERA
जीवनका निमित्त पाठयोजनासम्बन्धी प्रतियोगिता सामग्री
Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support Review Report, 2010-Nepal
At The Heart of The Earthquake Epicenter: Addressing Reproductive Health Needs in Gorkha
BRICS Aid to Education from the Recipient's Point of View the Case of Nepal
Young People and HIV/AIDS
100 result(s) found.