United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Struvite Recovery from Urine at Community Scale in Nepal: Final Project Report Phase I (March 2009)
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The concept of ecological sanitation (further referred to as EcoSan) and its worldwide promotion to ameliorate the sanitary situation of people and communities in developing countries has been a success story in many aspects. For the people who could profit the toilets built have brought comfort and dignity into their lives which they have both severely been missing in their often desolate sanitary conditions. Further the proper collection and treatment of the human waste has helped to improve the environmental situation as well as to decrease the proliferation of vector diseases thus largely helping to establish better living conditions among the poor.
The stated achievements can be expected from any improved sanitary technology and might be considered as standard. In contrast to the conventional systems EcoSan toilets do not only provide a standard solution though, they outmatch these achievements by providing the users a very valuable extra. Whereas the logic of conventional toilets ends with the above mentioned accomplishments and leaves the users with recurring costs for getting rid of what they excrete by making them pay for emptying of pits, connection to sewer systems or dislocation of the whole toilet, EcoSan toilets even generate value for their users. The human waste in the form of faeces and urine that is collected with these toilets serves as perfectly conditioned fertilizer and enables the users to engage in high yielding organic agriculture or saving at least some of the burden oppressed on them by the ever rising costs of chemical fertilizers.
For the targeted research the village of Siddhipur has been chosen, a peri-urban community in Nepal. The village is located approx. 8 km southwest of the capital Kathmandu. It is largely a farming community but the influence of the close and ever growing capital is sensible. To improve the poor sanitary conditions different organisations have been installing a total number of 100 EcoSan toilets in the last years and the people have been using them with a high degree of satisfaction (Manandhar et al. 2008).
Publisher:
UNHABITAT, Eawag, SANDEC, ING ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
SANITATION, SANITARY FACILITIES, LATRINES, WASTE DISPOSAL, WASTE MANAGEMENT, SANITATION SERVICES, SEWERAGE, SEWAGE DISPOSAL, VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES, DRAINAGE, HEALTH, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, HEALTH EDUCATION, WATER SUPPLY, AGRICULTURE, FERTILIZERS, URINE, MAGNESIUM, CHEMICALS, NITROGEN, PHOSPHATES, STRUVITE, SOILS, SOIL FERTILITY, FERTILIZER USE, SOIL IMPROVEMENT, CROP CULTIVATION, NUTRIENT
Thematic Group:
 UNHABITAT : Human Settlements
Thesaurus:
10.04.00  -  Environmental Health
Reference Link:
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