United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
WFP Nepal Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) Bulletin No. 3 ( May 2004 )
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For the first time, data collection by WFP field monitors was significantly affected by the security situation. The Maoist imposed blockades in various parts of the country meant that some 30% of the fixed WFP sample communities could not be visited in this reporting cycle although some degree of movement was possible in all programme districts at sometime during the reporting cycle. The mid and far western districts were more affected than those in the central and eastern regions.
While some high altitude areas are still completing the harvest of winter crops, the most difficult months of the lean season would normally be coming to an end at this time of year. Preliminary estimates from the Ministry of Agriculture from April 2004 indicate that, despite lower rainfall, there was an overall increase in wheat production of some 3.2% as compared to last year. However, in most survey districts, harvests of winter wheat and barley are reported by WFP monitors to be significantly lower than average due to inadequate, or absent, rainfall during the cropping season. In many districts harvests will only be sufficient to sustain households for one month or less after which as many as 45% of households will be totally dependent upon coping mechanisms to meet their requirements. In Dailekh, for example, wheat and barley production was reported to be as low as 30% of average yields. The national press also recently carried articles indicating critical food shortages in Darchula, Mugu, and Bhajang. WFP information suggests that food availability at the household level is clearly worse in these districts as compared to normal years. Bajura, Dailekh, Mugu and some parts of Dolakha appear to be most affected due to a combination of poor winter harvests, delayed planting of new crops such as millet and potatoes, and reduced availability of some wild foods and herbs. However, information received from WFP field monitors from these districts indicates that, despite increased levels of hardship, the situation is not yet critical and that traditional coping mechanisms are so far adequate, but that the situation requires close monitoring.
Maoist imposed blockades, combined with general strikes called by various parties, had a significant impact in parts of the country during this reporting period. The mobility of people and movement of essential commodities, including food items, to and within the rural areas, was significantly restricted. Bajura was seriously affected creating further concerns over food availability throughout the district with the prices of essential commodities in monitored markets increasing by 16 - 36 % as compared to pre blockade prices.
Significant price increases of essential commodities have been seen in Bajura, Dailekh, Siriha and Parsa districts for this reporting period as compared to the same period last year. This was not noted in the last reporting period and is probably the direct result of the poor winter harvests and / or the effects of the blockades. The increases vary according to the type of commodity. For example, in Parsa significant increases in the prices of wheat and kerosene are apparent while in Siraha it is wheat, pulses and cooking oil that have gone up. Similarly, increases of up to 23% in the prices of rice, wheat, barley, cooking oil and kerosene were seen in Bajura while Dailekh faces increases of up to 14% in the prices of cooking oil, kerosene, millet, maize and barley.
During this reporting period 130mt of rice was distributed in Jumla, Kalikot, Dolpa, Rukum, Bajhang and Bajura under Quick Impact Projects. Altogether 199 projects have so far been approved in the 9 Quick Impact Programme districts, equivalent to 690mt of rice for some 11,700 participants.
Publisher:
WFP ,   (2004 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FOOD, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD AID, FOOD HYGIENE, FOOD CONSUMPTION, FOOD CONTAMINATION, FOOD PRESERVATION, FOOD PRODUCTION, FOOD RESERVES, FOOD STOCKS, FOOD SUPPLY, CROP, MAIZE, WHEAT, MILLET, WINTER CROPS, AGRICULTURE, BARELY, FOOD ASSISTANCE, BLOCKADE, MIGRATION, SUMMER CROPS
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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