United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Social Security/ Social Protection In Nepal Situation Analysis ( January 2012)
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The MDG report (UNDP, 2011) says that Nepal can reach most of the targets if the government is able to manage resources and build institutional and policy capacity for implementation of strategic interventions. Nepal, however, faces considerable challenges in reaching the target of achieving full and productive employment and decent work for
all, including women and young people. Nepal’s trade and industry is in crisis and agricultural productivity low. Lack of access to affordable credit and weak law and order situation have weakened Nepal’s economy. As a result, a large number of Nepali people are still trapped in poverty and social protection benefits and services remain a privilege. Providing social security to workers is also a challenge because more than 90 per cent of the total labour force operates outside the formal economy.
In welfare economies, social security and protection systems covering universal family benefits, social assistance, and social insurance have been critical in alleviating poverty and enhancing people’s living standards. The approaches to social security and protection have transformed since the 1980s, giving more thrust to the universal and progressive dimensions that consider the vertical and horizontal ingredients. Strong austerity measures amidst deepening debt and unemployment problems in the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, which has fuelled social discontent, underlines the importance of the new dimension in social security. In Nepal, social protection plays the role of a catalyst in consolidating durable peace.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
SOCIAL SECURITY, SOCIAL PROTECTION, SOCIAL INSURANCE, SOCIAL WELFARE, SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS, POVERTY, SOCIAL LEGISLATION, SOCIAL POLICY, SOCIAL ASSISTANCE, SOCIAL SERVICES, SOCIAL SECURITY LEGISLATION, CIVIL SERVANTS, MATERNITY LEAVE, OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES, PENSIONS, AVIAN INFLUENZA, DISASTER RELIEF, LIVESTOCK, CAREGIVERS, INFORMAL WORKERS, ETHNIC GROUPS, DISABILITY, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, HUMAN RIGHTS, STAKEHOLDERS, LIVELIHOOD, HEALTH, UNEMPLOYMENT, AGRICULTURE, POULTRY
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
14.05.04  -  Welfare And Social Services
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