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नेपालमा युनिसेफ : चार दशकको साझेदारी
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नेपाल अहिले परिवर्तनको संघारमा उभिएको छ । २०६३ सालमा राजनीतिक दलहरूबीच वृहत शान्ति सम्झौता भए तापनि नेपालको स्थिति साम्य हुन अझै समय लाग्ने देखिन्छ । दश वर्षको द्वन्द्वले धेरैजसो मानिसको जीवनलाइ नराम्रो असर पुयाएको छ— उदाहरणका लागि बालश्रम र मानव तस्करीका संख्या बढेको छ भने जन्मदर्ता दर घटेको छ । द्वन्द्वलाई चर्काउन मद्दत पुयाएका जात र जनजातिबीच रहेको विभिन्न सामाजिक असमानता पनि छँदैछ । महिलाले पहिलेको जस्तै आर्थिक असुरक्षा र भेदभाव अझै पनि भोगिरहेक छन् ।
युनिसेफले सरकारी र गैरसरकारी साझेदारहरू संग मिलेर नेपालमा काम गर्न​ थालेको ४० वर्षभन्दा बढी भइसकेको छ । यस क्रममा मुलुकमा भएका विभिन्न विकास कार्यहरूमा युनिसेफको संलग्नता छ । उदाहरणका लागि सन् १९६० का दशकमा आधारभूत सेवाहरू; सन् ७० को दशकमा खोप सेवाहरू; सन् ८० मा प्रारम्भिक बालअधिकार, शिक्षा र सुरक्षासम्बन्धी कार्य; सन् ९० को दशकमा आफ्ना स्वास्थ्य र शैक्षिक आवश्यकताका बारेमा प्रश्न उठाउने एवम् अनुगमन गन काममा समुदायकै मानिसलाई सशक्त बनाउने कार्य; तथा सन् २००० का दशकमा, द्वन्द्वका कारण, बाल संरक्षणलाई युनिसेफले जोड दिएको थियो । अहिले भने युनिसेफले नेपालको नयाँ संविधान लेखनमा बालबालिकाका मौलिक हक अधिकार सुनिश्चित गराउन पहल गरेको छ ।
बालबालिका र महिलाका लागि विकेन्द्रीत कार्यक्रम भनेको नेपालका ग्रामीण समुदायका बालबालिका, महिला तथा विपन्न समुदायका समस्याहरु सुधार गर्न लक्षित गरिएको युनिसेफको प्रमुख कार्यक्रम हो । यसलाई कार्यान्वयन गर्नमा स्थानीय विकास मन्त्रालयले नेतृत्वदायी भूमिका लिएको छ भने अन्य मन्त्रालयहरूसँग पनि युनिसेफले साझेदारीमा काम गर्दछ । यसले नेपालका २३ जिल्लाका अति सीमान्तकृत समुदायमा आफ्नो ध्यान केन्द्रित गरेको छ ।
बालबालिकालाई हिंसा, शोषण, दुव्र्यवहार र विभेदबाट जोगाउनु युनिसेफका बाल संरक्षण कार्यक्रमको लक्ष्य हो । यसका लागि सरकार र नागरिक समाजलाइ दृढ बनाउन र कुनै पनि बालअधिकार उल्लङ्घन हुन नदिन यस कार्यक्रमल बाल संरक्षण प्रणाली तयार पार्न सहयोग पुयाउँछ।
पिछडिएका वर्गका बालबालिकालगायत सम्पूर्ण बालबालिकाका लागि स्तरीय शिक्षाको अवसर जुटाउनु र बालिकालाई पढ्न प्रात्साहित गर्नु युनिसेफको शैक्षिक कार्यक्रमको लक्ष्य हो । उनीहरूले आधारभूत शिक्षा पाउन् तथा कम्तीमा निम्न माध्यमिक तहको शिक्षा पूरा गरुन् भन्ने उद्देश्य युनिसेफले लिएको छ ।
मातृ तथा नवजात शिशु र बालबालिकाको स्वास्थ्यका लागि गुणस् तरीय स्वास्थ्य सेवा एवम् पोषण पुरयाउनु नै स्वास्थ्य र पोषण कार्यक्रमको लक्ष्य हो ।
गर्भवती महिला, बालबालिका र किशोरकिशोरीका निम्ति एचआईभी रोकथामका सेवाहरूको पहुँचमा सुधार गर्नुका साथै एचआईभी संक्रमित
गर्भवती महिला, बालबालिका र किशोरकिशोरीको उपचार, स्याहार र सहयोगका कार्यक्रमहरूको पहुँचलाई सुदृढ गर्ने राष्ट्रिय पहलहरूमा सहयोग गर्नु एचआईभी तथा एड्स कार्यक्रमको उद्देश्य हो ।
सुरक्षित खानेपानी, सरसफाइ तथा उचित स्वास्थ्य सुविधाहरूमा जनताका निरन्तर पहुँच एवम् वृद्धि नै । खानेपानी तथा सरसफाइ कार्यक्रम’ को लक्ष्य हो । पानीबाट लाग्न सक्ने रोगहरूमा कमी ल्याउन विद्यालय, समुदाय र विशेषगरी आर्थिक रूपमा विपन्न एवम् सामाजिक रूपमा उपेक्षित बालबालिका तथा तिनको हेरचाह गर्नेहरूप्रति यो कार्यक्रम लक्षित छ ।
युनिसेफको यो कार्यक्रम सामाजिक नीति, पैरवी, आपतकालीन पूर्वतयारी र ज्ञान अभिवृद्धि जस्ता बहुक्षेत्रीय कार्यमा केन्द्रित छ । महिला र बालबालिकाका अधिकार र विशेषगरी अति सीमान्तकृत समूहका अधिकारलाई सुनिश्चित गन नीति, विधान र रकम छुट्याउन युनिसेफले यस कार्यक्रमद्वारा सरकारलाइ मद्दत गर्दछ । यसअन्तर्गत आपतकालीन अवस्थाका लागि तयार रहने, नेपालका बालबालिका र महिलाको अवस्थालाई अनुगमन गर्ने र विविध कार्यक्रमहरूका प्रभावकारिताको मूल्याङ्कन गर्ने काम गरिन्छ ।
Publisher:
UNICEF ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Publication in Nepali - नेपाली
Keywords:
EDUCATION, CHILD WELFARE, CHILD PROTECTION, HEALTH, NUTRITION, HYGIENE, SANITATION, WATER, CHILD CARE, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, CHILD NEEDS, CHILD SURVIVAL, AIDS, AIDS PREVENTION, WATER SUPPLY, DRINKING WATER, SOCIAL POLICY, FOOD, FOOD SECURITY, FOOD AID, CHILD HEALTH, NUTRITION EDUCATION, CONFLICT, VIOLENCE, COOPERATION, EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, NON-FORMAL EDUCATION, PRIMARY EDUCATION, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
14.05.04  -  Welfare And Social Services
Reference Link:
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