United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Labour Market Transitions of Young Women and Men in Nepal ( May 2014)
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The group of young people aged 15–29 in Nepal represents more than one-quarter (28 per cent) of the total population and, of these, over 40 per cent are teenagers aged 15–19, the youngest part of the age group. Many of the country’s youth are still in school, making them the most educated generation ever in the country but, despite improvements in education, many still have difficulty finding employment in their country. As a result, the number who emigrate increases every year, with young Nepalese looking for work in
neighbouring India or further abroad in Middle Eastern countries. Those who remain in Nepal engage in long-term studies unlikely to provide them with the skills needed locally; they thus tend to join the ranks of the underemployed or, worse, drop out of the labour market completely. Given the circumstances, therefore, it is not a cliché to say that Nepal is sitting on a youth employment time bomb.It is also necessary to realize that youth were at the centre of Nepal’s ten-year conflict. Young Nepalese were co-opted, manipulated or forced into political rallies, strikes or military violence. As a result, many are victims who suffered direct violence and lost the opportunity to attend school or vocational training. The future of Nepal, its political stability and economic development, is now intricately linked to its ability to provide protection and ensure the socio-economic integration of its youth, including those touched by the conflict.
Nepal is at a crossroads. Although the political situation remains volatile, the government must concentrate on fully assessing the challenges ahead to adopt pertinent and commensurate policy measures. It requires all the information possible on the target population of these policies. This report contributes to that effort by providing a quantitative and qualitative assessment of Nepal’s youth population generated from the recent school-to-work transition survey (SWTS) and labour demand enterprise survey (LDES).
ILO ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
12.01.00  -  Employment Promotion And Planning
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