United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Country Paper Nepal (October 2001)
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The 1990 Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal guarantees the equality of all citizens under the law. It also provides fundamental rights, with clearly stated provisions for the protection and development of women, children, the aged, the physically and mentally handicapped, and also the socially, economically and educationally disadvantaged.The constitution seeks to protect the interests of children by conferring certain fundamental rights and imposing certain duties in the form of the "directive principles and policies of the state". It also provides directives to ensure the rights and welfare of children and their free basic education, thereby protecting the children from all kinds of exploitation. Actions such as trafficking, slavery and or forced labour are prohibited under the present constitution. Similarly, the Constitution places an obligation on the state to make special provisions to prohibit the employment of minors in factories, mines and in any other hazardous work.The 1990,s can truly be called the decade of international commitment to prevent child labour in Nepal, and to ensure the rights and welfare of children. During this time, many laws, rules and regulations were enacted to execute the constitutional provisions regarding child labour, including the Labour Act, 1991 and the Children's Act, 1992. In addition, the existing Civil Code, Foreign Employment Act, and Human Trafficking Act were directed against child labour and sexual exploitation of girl child and human trading. A new act against violence against women is under consideration in the Parliament. The Government has also committed to the international community for protection of the rights of the child. It has ratified all major UN Conventions, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child and ILO's Minimum Age Convention 138. Recently, with the approval of the parliament ILO convention 182 and 29 against Worst Forms of Child Labour and forced labour respectively have been ratified. Beside these, Nepal also has consented the series of SAARC Resolutions on the protection of the rights of the child. The 9th SAARC Summit in Male (1997) declared the years 2000-10 " The SAARC Decade of The Rights of the Child" The 10th SAARC Summit in Colombo (1998) has proposed a Regional Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Commercial Sex.
Publisher:
ILO ,   (2001 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, HUMAN RIGHTS, CHILDREN, RIGHTS OF THE CHILD, SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD LABOUR, WOMEN RIGHTS, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, SLAVERY, CRIME, PROPERTY RIGHTS, GENDER, EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, LITERACY, WOMEN EDUCATION, WOMEN EMPOWERMENT, DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES, RURAL WOMEN, ILLICIT TRAFFIC, COMMERCIAL SEX, SEXUAL EXPLOITATION, POVERTY, ILLITERACY, EMPLOYMENT, POLICY-MAKING
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
Thesaurus:
14.02.02  -  Human Rights
Reference Link:
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