United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Biosecurity Status of Food and Agriculture in Nepal
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Nepal has been making efforts to improve food safety and quality, control diseases and pests, chemical pesticides, quality of medicines (including veterinary medicines), strengthen quarantine capacity and manage genetically modified organisms. About a dozen policies, over two dozens of legal acts and government eight departments are directly or indirectly geared towards these efforts. However, the efforts are found scattered with many gaps and overlaps. In the meantime, the country suffers from health risks emanating from food products, leading to public health problems, limited ability to meet sanitary and phytosanitary requirements for agricultural exports, and increased food import dependency, notably in the high income segments which includes the tourism sector. These problems are also responsible for the weak linkages of the smallholder production to high income food markets, thus compromising their livelihood.This report presents the findings of seven studies that assessed biosecurity status in Nepal which were conducted under a technical assistance project, “Policy assistance for biosecure agro-food supply chain for enhanced market access and food security for the smallholding rural sector (TCP/NEP/3402)”, supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. After presenting a synthesis in Chapter I, Chapter II scans biosecurity related policies, legislations and institutions in Nepal. The subsequent five Chapters present major findings on the biosecurity status in crops and high value crops, livestock and poultry, fisheries, food products of forest origin and food supply chain in that order. Chapter VIII finally reports on some estimates of costs of compliance of small farms to biosecurity.Nepal’s agriculture needs to be biosecure for improving and sustaining human health and life, animal and plant health, overall environment, as well as for exports of agricultural goods and tourism services. Nepal has no choice but to work hard towards for biosecure agriculture. Towards this goal, a number of suggestions are made in various chapters in this volume.
Publisher:
FAO ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
BIOSECURITY, AGRICULTURE, DISEASES, FOOD, FOOD HYGIENE, FOOD INSPECTION, PUBLIC HEALTH, FOOD PRESERVATION, FISHERIES, TOXIC SUBSTANCES, PESTICIDES, LIVESTOCK, PESTS, CLIMATIC CHANGE, AGRICULTURAL TRADE, AQUACULTURE, FORESTRY, BIOSAFETY, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, AGRIBUSINESS, DEVELOPMENT POLICY, INDUSTRIAL POLICY, AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT, WILDLIFE CONSERVATION, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, ANIMAL HEALTH, CROP MANAGEMENT, VEGETABLES, CROPS, IRRIGATION,FERTILIZERS, SOIL MANAGEMENT, POULTRY
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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