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Nepal Earthquakes 2015: Desk Review of Existing Information with Relevance to Mental Health & Psychosocial Support
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This document describes a desk review started after the April 25 and May 12 earthquakes in Nepal. The main aim of the desk review was to summarize existing information with regard to mental health and psychosocial wellbeing in Nepal. It is hoped this desk review will help people responding to the earthquakes to take into account information on the socio-cultural context in Nepal, and to avoid collecting information in needs assessments that is already available. Conducting a desk review after major emergencies is part of the 2007 ‘Inter-Agency Standing Committee Guidelines for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies’.
Most research on mental health in Nepal has focused on populations affected by political violence. Based on these studies and estimations from studies in other countries, it can be expected that a large proportion of the population will suffer psychological distress: around 15 to 20% will have a mild or moderate mental disorder (e.g. mild and moderate forms of depression and anxiety disorders, including mild and moderate PTSD), and around 3 to 4% will have severe mental disorder (e.g. psychosis, severe depression, severely disabling form of anxiety disorder). In populations affected by political violence, common risk factors for mental illness include higher exposure to potentially traumatic events, gender, caste, poverty, age. Factors shown to be protective for mental illness include higher family, peer and other social support, marital status and higher levels of education.
Publisher:
UN ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
NATURAL DISASTERS, EARTHQUAKES, EARTHQUAKE ZONES, SEISMIC ACTIVITY, DISASTER VICTIMS, DISASTER RELIEF, DISASTER PREPAREDNESS, MENTAL HEALTH, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES, EPIDEMIOLOGY, NATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS, PSYCHOSOCIAL PROBLEM, NON-FORMAL EDUCATION, FORMAL EDUCATION, PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT, HEALTH POLICY, HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES, AID PROGRAMMES, HEALTH CARE DELIVERY
Thematic Group:
 UN : International Peace and Security
Thesaurus:
13.02.00  -  Disaster Prevention, Preparedness And Relief
Reference Link:
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