United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
UNDAF District Profile: Dhanusha
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Dhanusha is one of the southern Terai districts of Janakpur Zone in the central development region of Nepal. The total area of the district is 1,180 km. Janakpur Dham, the only municipality in the district, is its District Headquarters (DHQ). Besides emerging as a national commercial and administrative hub of the central Terai, Dhanusha is one of the major religious centres in the country with great tourism potential. The district comprises 101 Village Development Committees (VDCs) and one Municipality, in 17 Ilakas and seven electoral constituencies. The DHQ is linked to the capital with three
daily flights. Roads are the main means of transportation in the district, though Nepal’s only railway network, the 70km long meter gauge Jaynagar-Janakpur-Bijulpura line, passes through the district. n 2011, Dhanusha’s population numbered 754,777 people, 50% of them female. Radio, television and newspapers are the major means of mass communication in the district. Dhanusha, and Janakpur in particular, has potential to become a centre for promotion of Mithila art. The total number of political parties in the district is above 20. Nepali Congress and CPN-UML have strong organisational structures in the district. In mid-May 2013, the total number of people registered to vote in Dhanusha reached 320,327. Dhanusha’s District Development Committee (DDC) faced serious charges of corruption and 18 of its 49 officials were suspended in September 2012. Dhanusha is served by a District Police Office which has a Women and Children Service Centre as well as a Human Rights desk. Altogether 765 police personnel are present in the district out of which only 22 are women. Registration of court cases at the district level has increased since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, with improved security and access to legal institutions. Social and gender-based exclusion and discriminatory practices are embedded in everyday life, thereby thwarting social, economic, cultural and political opportunities for large portions of the population, particularly where multiple factors apply, as for Madheshi, Muslim, or Dalit women in the district. Despite the legal prohibition of bonded labour, these practices still persist. In 2011, three in five boys and men aged five and above (61%) were literate, while only two in five girls and women (40%) could read and write. There are many options for those who want to pursue higher education in Dhanusha, compared to most districts of Nepal. Dhanusha is predominantly an agriculture dependent district, as are most districts in Nepal. Over two thirds (64% or 76,531ha) of Dhanusha’s total area is cultivable land, and 90% of this (69,163ha) is cultivated. Fisheries are another agricultural facet of Dhanusha. In recent years overseas migration has become more popular among skilled labourers in Dhanusha. A Zonal Hospital with 200 beds at Janakpur serves as the main referral point for Dhanusha, Mahottari, Siraha and Sarlahi districts. Health services at village level are provided by Sub- Health Posts managed by the local government. Dhanusha has relatively large concentrations of individuals at high risk for HIV. Dhanusha is among the districts with highest prevalence of anaemia and underweight among women of reproductive age. The district has experienced recurrent floods in the last few years. Dhanusha does not have a functioning District Emergency Operations Centre yet, but it has a District Disaster Preparedness and Response Plan.






























Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT, GEOGRAPHY, DEMOGRAPHY, CLIMATOLOGY, HEALTH INFORMATION, HEALTH STATISTICS, SOCIAL INFORMATION, GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION, AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION, RULE OF LAW, PROTECTION, EQUITY, SOCIAL INCLUSION, EDUCATION, SOCIAL PROTECTION, EMPLOYMENT, MIGRATION, HEALTH, SANITATION, NUTRITION, FOOD SECURITY, AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT, HUMANITARIAN SITUATION, GEOGRAPHY
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
15.05.00  -  Documentation, Library And Information Sciences And Reference Works
Reference Link:
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