United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
UNDAF District Profile: Mahottari
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Mahottari is one of the six districts of Janakpur Zone, located in the Central Development Region of Nepal. The district comprises 76 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one municipality, 15 Ilakas and six electoral constituencies. Jaleshwor is the district headquarters (DHQ). The total area of the district is 1,002km and it has a population in 2011, Mahottari’s population numbered 627,580 people, 50% of them female. Roads are the main means of transportation in the district. The East-West Highway passes through the north of Mahottari, with subsidiary roads branching off. During the monsoon (June to September), 14 southern VDCs get inundated and road transportation is obstructed. Mahottari district has six electoral constituencies and 15 illakas. The total number of political parties in the district is around 22. In mid-May 2013, the total number of people registered to vote in Mahottari reached 260,974. There are 233 polling posts in the district. Nepal Police is the key responsible government agency for day-to-day provision of security in the district, with 507 personnel deployed in the district. There is a Women and Children Service Center in the District Police Office. Armed Police Force has one Border Security compound base in Bardibas and seven security base camps in Mahottari. Many people in the district solve disputes and problems at the community level rather than using formal justice institutions. The Muslim community in Mahottari uses a traditional system, in which disputes are brought to community leaders. Nepal Bar Association of Mahottari has a dedicated unit providing legal aid and counsel in
human rights cases, cases involving women, Dalits and Janajatis. Although gender and caste based discrimination is said to be common by local institutions, it is not possible to judge their prevalence because most cases are not reported due to lack of awareness by
victims and sometimes due to pressure by the community not to approach formal institutions. Caste, ethnic or gender discrimination are consistently at the core of challenges faced by excluded groups in the district. Despite the legal prohibition of bonded labour, these practices still persist in some of Nepal’s districts. Only 57% of boys and men aged five and above in Mahottari are literate, compared to three quarters
nationwide. A dismal 37% of women and girls in the district can read and write. Mahottari is predominantly dependent on agriculture, which employs 68% of the population. Agriculture, wage labor, trade and business, and services were the most common sources of family income. Remittances are an important source of income and contribute to change in socio economic and livelihood patterns in rural areas. Generally, industries are located near the East-West Highway corridor. District Health Office (DHO) is the district’s key government health agency. The district is designated at high risk for malaria. Mahottari has a relatively high incidence of tuberculosis. There are comparatively high concentrations of key populations at risk of HIV in Mahottari. Mahottari is among the districts with very high prevalence of anaemia among women and children. In 2010/11, 67,352ha were cultivated, and agricultural land was owned by 70,460 individuals and rented by 8,244 individuals. There are 66 agricultural marketplaces in VDCs across the district. Mahottari district faces different types of seasonal disasters due to the nature of its soil and soil erosion caused by deforestation in the Churiya Hills. District Disaster Relief Committee (DDRC) Mahottari has ranked flooding, accidental fires and earthquakes as the top three disaster risks for the district. Mahottari has a District
Emergency Operations Center.



































Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT, GEOGRAPHY, DEMOGRAPHY, CLIMATOLOGY, HEALTH INFORMATION, HEALTH STATISTICS, SOCIAL INFORMATION, GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION, AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION, RULE OF LAW, PROTECTION, EQUITY, SOCIAL INCLUSION, EDUCATION, SOCIAL PROTECTION, EMPLOYMENT, MIGRATION, HEALTH, SANITATION, NUTRITION, FOOD SECURITY, AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT, HUMANITARIAN SITUATION, GEOGRAPHY
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
15.05.00  -  Documentation, Library And Information Sciences And Reference Works
Reference Link:
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