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Information Centre | Nepal
UNDAF District Profile: Kapilvastu
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Kapilvastu District covers 1,738 km of Nepal’s Western Region and is part of the Lumbini Zone. Kapilvastu comprises 77 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one municipality and five electoral constituencies, with its District Headquarters (DHQ) in Taulihawa. Kapilvastu is well connected via the East-West highway to the eastern and western part of Nepal and via feeder blacktop road to India in the south and Arghakhanchi District in the
north. All of Kapilvastu’s VDCs can be reached by motorable road, but 25% of these are not accessible during monsoon season (June to September). An airport in Bhairahawa connects the district to Kathmandu by a flight of only 45 minutes. Over half a million people made up the population of Kapilvastu district in 2011, 50% of whom women. On 16 September 2007 in Kapilvastu, widespread violence followed the murder by unidentified people of Mohit Khan, a local Muslim landowner and a long-time Nepali Congress party member as well as a Madheshi rights activist and member of the vigilante group Pratikar Samiti. A Local Peace Committee was established in Kapilvastu in 2009, comprising 23 members: 12 from political parties, five from indigenous, Muslim and Madheshi communities, four from martyrs’ families and one each from the Informal Sector Service Center and the Madhesh Human Rights Home. Kapilvastu has five electoral constituencies and 27 registered political parties, of which 17 are active in the district. In mid-May 2013, the total number of people registered to vote in Kapilvastu reached 224,303. The District Police Office is supported by 152 operational units, including 11 Area Police Offices (seven of them with Inspectors in-charge and three with Assistant Inspectors in-charge), two Border Security Police Posts and 17 Police Posts and six traffic units. As most other districts of Nepal, Kapilvastu has a District Court as the sole judicial body in the district. Paralegal Committees in Kapilvastu received reports of 568 cases of violation of women’s rights in 2011, 52% of which referred to domestic violence, 8% to property related disputes, 6% to social violence, 5% to citizenship-related problems and 3% to polygamy. Social and gender-based exclusionary and discriminatory practices continue to hamper the wellbeing of women in Kapilvastu. Women face unequal power relations due to a patriarchal social structure and the exploitative nature of the socio-cultural system, particularly in Madheshi and Muslim communities. Caste-based discrimination is also prevalent in Kapilvastu district. In 2011, 65% of boys and men aged five and above were literate, but only 45% of girls and women could read and write. Seasonal migration to India is a means for households in Kapilvastu to increase their income. In 2011, 29,792 people were absent abroad from Kapilvastu, only 9% of them female. The district is reportedly highly dependent on remittances. The District Health Office (DHO) oversees health service delivery and the implementation of related programmes through its different units. Kapilvastu is one of the districts with very low contraceptive prevalence rates (31%), less than half the government target for 2015. Kapilvastu is categorised at moderate risk for malaria. Kapilvastu has relatively large key populations at risk of HIV. Kapilvastu is among the districts with a high prevalence of stunting, Global and Moderate Acute Malnutrition, and anaemia in children under five. The majority of Kapilvastu is flat lowland, yet only 48% (83,000ha) of its territory is suitable for cultivation. Supporting services in Kapilvastu include nine Agriculture Service Centres, 15 Livestock Service Centres and 36 privately managed agro-vet shops. Kapilvastu is moderately ecologically vulnerable and is also exposed to fire and cold waves, while it occasionally faces epidemics.


































Publisher:
UNRCHCO ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT, GEOGRAPHY, DEMOGRAPHY, CLIMATOLOGY, HEALTH INFORMATION, HEALTH STATISTICS, SOCIAL INFORMATION, GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION, AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION, RULE OF LAW, PROTECTION, EQUITY, SOCIAL INCLUSION, EDUCATION, SOCIAL PROTECTION, EMPLOYMENT, MIGRATION, HEALTH, SANITATION, NUTRITION, FOOD SECURITY, AGRICULTURE, ENVIRONMENT, HUMANITARIAN SITUATION, GEOGRAPHY
Thematic Group:
 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
Thesaurus:
15.05.00  -  Documentation, Library And Information Sciences And Reference Works
Reference Link:
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