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UNDAF District Profile: Mugu
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Mugu District covers 3,535 km of the Karnali zone in the Mid-Western Region. The Mid Western Region is remote and developmentally challenged. Some 46.5 % of people in the Mid Western Region live below the poverty line. Mugu District comprises 24 Village Development
Committees (VDCs), nine Ilakas, and a single electoral constituency, with its District Headquarters (DHQ) in the town of Gamgadhi in Shree Nagar VDC. The lack of physical infrastructure presents a major challenge to accessibility and service delivery; the only transportation options are limited and unreliable flights which are beyond the means of most people. Mugu’s population was just over 55 thousand people in 2011, 49% of whom women. Only 14 households have internet in the district, and 34% have mobile phones. Mugu was relatively less affected by the decade long conflict compared to other districts of the Karnali. The District Level Peace Committee was formed after the Constituent Assembly election in 2008, and Local Peace Committees were formed in 10 VDCs. The development and political space have widened since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006, and public participation has increased in different sectors from planning to implementation level. Mugu district is relatively calm in terms of politics. In mid-May 2013, the total number of people registered to vote in Mugu reached 21,947. There are two Area Police Posts, nine VDC Police Posts and one Airport Security Post in Mugu. Since the district does not have a jail, apprehended persons are sent to Jumla on foot, a journey that takes two days. Legal awareness, access to legal information and aid are extremely constrained for people in Mugu. There is no District Legal Aid Committee; the District Court has no paid or pro-bono lawyers, and the number of lawyers present altogether is not sufficient to form a Bar Association chapter. The prevalence of caste-based discrimination is relatively low in Mugu, compared to other districts of the Karnali zone. Gender-based discrimination is very widespread in Mugu. Child marriage is common in Mugu. Among those aged 10 and older, 2% of men and 8% of women first married before they were 15, and 40% of men and 64% of women first married between 15 and 19. Education outcomes in Mugu have improved over the past few years, however, the district still lags far behind the national averages on various measures. The poorest 10% of the population earn less than 1% of all income in Karnali, while the wealthiest 10% earn 48% of all income. Employment opportunities in Mugu are still limited to traditional occupations, such as agriculture, animal husbandry, and collection of herbs. The only government hospital is located northwest of the bazaar area at a 20 minute walk from DHQ
Gamgadi. The District Health Office in Mugu does not have a health contingency plan but the District Preparedness and Response Plan includes specific details for the Health Cluster plan, including maintaining buffer stocks of medications in each of the four topographic belts to respond to epidemics. The common cold, pneumonia, diarrhoea and dysentery are recurring epidemics in the district, with 609 cases of dysentery in 2011/12. The district is among those with highest prevalence of stunting (60%) and severe underweight (20%) among children under five years of age. In 2008, the majority of Mugu’s population (74%) depended on agriculture for their subsistence;62 however, only 5% (16,136ha) of the district’s total area is cultivable land, and most of it (89%) is not
irrigated. VDCs with a high recurrence of acute food crises are clustered in the
south-eastern and north-western parts of the district, with lower recurrence around DHQ. Mugu is very prone to small-scale natural disasters and is highly ecologically vulnerable.

UNRCHCO ,   (2013 )
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Bulletin or Poster in English
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 UNRCHCO (UNRCO) : UN Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator Office (UN Resident Coordinator Office)
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