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Mapping Progress on Women's Right in Nepal
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Over the past two decades, legal reforms have transformed the landscape for gender equality in Nepal, ensuring greater economic security for women, increased legal protection from violence, improved safeguarding of their sexual and reproductive rights and amplification of their voices in decision-making. Many challenges, however, still remain and the translation of legal equality into substantive equality for all women and girls in Nepal is yet to be realized. Despite the gaps in realizing gender equality, gender justice and women's empowerment, Nepal is making some progress towards it. The Gender Inequality Index depicts the positive shift of Nepal's position in the global scenario, with Nepal's rank in the index at 98th position in 2013, compared to the rank of 102nd in 2012. Nepal has undertaken a number of international commitments in relation to non-discrimination, gender equality and social justice. Nepal became party to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on 22 April 1991, and ratified International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) both on 14 May 1991 without any reservations, demonstrating its commitment to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women. Nepal, being a State party to CEDAW, must fulfill all aspects of its legal obligations under the provisions of the Convention including to respect, protect and fulfill women’s right to non-discrimination and the enjoyment of equality.The scope of Nepal’s obligations is also to be construed in the light of the general recommendations and concluding observations of the CEDAW Committee. Article 2 of ICCPR also obligates Nepal to fulfill, respect and protect the rights provided under the Covenant; its obligation under the Covenant are not confined only to the respect of human rights, but extend to the obligation to undertake to ensure the enjoyment of these rights to all individuals through the implementation of specific activities. The Universal Periodic Review (UPR), established on 2006 by the UN General Assembly Resolution 60/251, also mandates the UN Human Rights Council to undertake a universal periodic review of the fulfillment by each State (including Nepal) of its human rights obligations and commitments.

#GenderEquality #WomanRight #SexualHarassment #UNWomen #2014 #Publication
Publisher:
UNWOMEN ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
GENDER EQUALITY, WOMEN'S RIGHT, CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, FEMINISM, GENDER DISCRIMINATION, WOMEN'S ADVANCEMENT, WOMEN'S EDUCATION, WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT, WOMEN'S STATUS, HUMAN RIGHTS, POLITICAL REPRESSION, EQUAL PAY, GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE, SEXUAL HARASSMENT, POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
Thematic Group:
 UNWOMEN : Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
Thesaurus:
14.01.00  -  Advancement Of Women
Reference Link:
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