United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Tunnel Farming for Off-Season Vegetable Cultivation in Nepal
PDF File Size: 29 KB | Download   
Nepal ranks among the most vulnerable countries to extreme climate events. In general, rural areas where the population heavily depends on agriculture are the most vulnerable. High temperature during summer months and foggy weather combined with prolonged cold temperature spells during winter months often affect vegetable cultivations, such as tomato and onion. The protection of crops against adverse weather conditions becomes a priority to meet the household requirements especially in mid-hills region in Nepal. In this context, tunnel farming is a simple and low cost practice to control the micro-climate surrounding crops by reducing the impacts of temperature fluctuations. It consists in the building of greenhouses-hut-like structures swathed in plastic that serve as cocoons, making it possible to grow vegetables off-season, securing the provision of food supplies throughout the year. Vegetables are a required source of vitamins, proteins, essential nutrients and carbohydrates for a balanced diet. In the mid-hill region in Nepal, farmers are limited to grow seasonal vegetables and are dependent on marketing mechanism of demand and supply. Growing off-season vegetables and fruits means improving the diet and increasing the household income. In the absence of storage infrastructure and vegetable processing industries, off-season vegetable farming is the only viable option that can add value to the farmers? produce. Temperature fluctuations during summer make the vegetable crop susceptible to insects, pests and diseases and similarly, cold temperature during winter create favorable conditions for diseases. The tunnels offer protection to vegetables crops both in summer and in winter. The tunnel farming offers maximum crop yields, better maintenance of the fertility of land, controlled temperature and humidity, protection from wild animals and insects and better water conservation. In order to produce vegetables under protection, it is necessary to consider a wind-free area, but if this is not possible, windbreaks should be erected or planted. Water must not be very saline, as it is further enriched by the addition of fertilizers. Finally, the tunnel must preferably be situated close to a market, in order to facilitate that products reach the market place as soon as possible. Crops such as cucumber, capsicum, tomato, pepper, bitter gourds, melons, brinjal and water melon are highly valued vegetables that show significant increase in yield when grown in tunnel farming.

#TunnelFarming #Agriculture #FoodSupply #CropDiversification #CropProduction
FAO ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
6677  times viewed
76  times downloaded.
Feeder: ASHAPARIYAR , Editor: MALIKA THAPA , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
Success Story On The Adaptation Option Against Climate Change Impact
Tunnel Farming For Off-Season Vegetable Cultivation In Nepal
Bagar Farming (Baluwa kheti) In River Banks Of Nepal
Food Security Bulletin - 10 (May - June 2005)
Executive Brief Nepal Earthquakes (June 2015)
60 Years 1951-2011: Nepal-FAO Cooperation for a World without Hunger
Nepal Earthquakes - Executive Brief 4 June 2015
Country Report on The State of the Nepal’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Press Release of FAO Representation in Nepal (19 June, 2015)
Slope Agriculture Land Technology (SALT) in the Mid-hills of Nepal
Nepal Food Security Bulletin, Issue No. 30 ( February 2011)
Guidelines for Institutional Arrangements, Training, Irrigation and Agriculture Production Improvements Under On-Farm Water Management Programme
Save And Grow Farming Systems Fact Sheet 2
Press Release of FAO Representation in Nepal ( 20 May 2015)
Crop Situation Update, Issue No. 5 ( March 2007)
Crop Situation Update, Issue No. 6 ( July 2007)
CONTRACT FARMING IN NEPAL (Introducing pay as you go water access)
Swapping Crops [YouTube]
Food Security - Nepal Earthquake Cluster Brief (June 2015)
Crop Situation Update January 2007 Issue 4
Micro Enterprises Development for Poverty Alleviation -Volume 2
Save And Grow In Practice Maize, Rice, Wheat: A Guide To Sustainable Cereal Production
A Report on In-season Paddy Yield Forecasting (Summer 2015) using CRAFT in Nepal
Crop Situation Update, Issue No. 8 ( April 2008)
Early Recovery and Rehabilitation in Agriculture (July 2015)
Cooperative Market Development Program
Cooperative Market Development Program
Crop Situation Update - August 2006, Issue 1
Market Watch 64 - April 2014.
Market Watch 65 - May 2014.
Market Watch 66 - June 2014.
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 34, February 2012
A Report On CRAFT Implementation For In-Season Wheat Yield Forecasting (Winter 2014/15) In Nepal
FAO Nepal Flash Appeal - 19 June 2015
Crop Situation Update - October 2006, Issue 3
Nepal’s Ginger Farmers to be the Winners in Plans to Expand International Trade
WFP Extends Food Aid Operations In Nepal To Cover Continuing Drought
Crop And Food Security Update-Summer Crop Nepal 2009/2010
Crop Situation Update-September 2006, issue 2
Crop Situation Update - A joint assessment of 2011 summer crops and outlook of 2011/12 winter crops
Final Assessment Of Key Effects- Monitoring Survey Records of Dhaulagiri Irrigation Development Project
Crop Situation Update, Issue No. 9 ( February 2009)
Nepal Food Security Bulletin, Issue No. 39 ( April - June 2013)
GIEWS Country Brief-Nepal
Participatory approaches: Client-oriented Breeding Of Rice For The Terai and Low Hills Of Nepal
Shifting Cultivation, Livelihood and Food Security : New and old challenges for indigenous peoples in Asia
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 37 ( January 2013 )
Crop Situation Update: A joint assessment of 2014/15 Winter Crops
Report On Rapid Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) Far And Mid West Hills And Mountains, Nepal
Crop Situation Update - Issue 6 (July 2007)
Multi-storied Agroforestry Cropping Systems for Micro-Climatic Modification and Erosion Control in Nepal
Executive Brief Nepal Earthquakes (April 2015)
Developing Policy towards Agricultural Sector
Nepal Earthquakes - Executive Brief 27 May 2015
Multi-storied Agroforestry Cropping Systems For Micro-Climatic Modification And Erosion Control In Nepal
Zero/Minimum Tillage In Rice-Wheat System In Nepal
First Advance Estimate of 2015/16 Wheat Production in Nepal Using the CCAFS Regional Agricultural Forecasting Toolbox (CRAFT)
Crop Situation Update A Joint Mission of 2012 Summer Crops and Outlook of 2012/13 Winter Crops
CHAD: Country Office Food Security Update (August 2009)
Food Insecurity Worsens In Nepal
Market Watch 60 - December 2013.
Market Watch 63 - March 2014.
Employment Expansion through Cottage Industries in Nepal: Potentials and Constraints
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 35, May 2012
Food Security Bulletin (May - June 2006)
Food Security Bulletin, Issue No.16 ( January 2007)
Aquaduct Linking to Tunnel, Bhorletar
Crop Situation Update - Joint Assessment Mission of 2013 Summer Crops and Outlook of 2013/14 Winter Crops
Market Watch 53 - May 2013
Nepal Food Security Bulletin — Issue 25
The Future of Food Creating sustainable communities through climate adaptation, Issue No. 2 ( December 2009 )
Nepal Food Security Bulletin (Issue 28, August 2010)
Nepal Food Security Bulletin, Issue No. 32 ( August 2011)
Food Security Bulletin, Issue 23, May 2009
Emergency Update - 4 - Food Security Alert: Far- and Mid-West Hills and Mountains
Family Farming: Meeting the Zero Hunger Challenge
After the Earth Moved, Nepalese Planted Seeds
Food Security Bulletin, Issue 24, August 2008
Market Watch 47 November 2012
Nepal Earthquake Executive Brief 15 May 2015
Crop Prospects And Food Situation
FAO In The 2015 Humanitarian Appeals: Enhancing Food Security and Resilient Livelihoods
FAO Nepal Initial Earthquake Response: Rebuilding Resilent Agricultural Livelihoods ( June 2015)
Value Chain Designing of Kurilo of Panchase Protected Forest Area
Crop Situation Update - Issue 7 (December 2007)
Market Watch 36
कौसी खेती तालिम निर्देशिका पुस्तिका
Food Security Bulletin ( January - February 2005 )
Storage Of Seed Potatoes With The Diffused Light Storage (DLS) Principle In Nepal
Characterization of the Agricultural Drought Prone Areas on a Global Scale
Addressing climate change in Asia and the Pacific
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 33, November 2011
Potato Production from True Potato Seed (TPS) for Cold-Tolerant and Late Blight Resistant in Nepal
Food Security Bulletin - Issue 19 (March 2008)
Biosecurity Status of Food and Agriculture in Nepal
Special Report -- FAO/WFP FOOD Security Assessment Mission to Nepal
Technical Cooperation Programme - Terminal Report of the Project: Combating Citrus Decline Problems in Nepal
Nepal: Addressing the Employment Challenge through the Sectoral Pattern of Growth
Market Watch - 18
Food Security Bulletin, Issue No.17 (May 2007)
100 result(s) found.