United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Nepal Food Security Bulletin Issue 34, February 2012
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This issue mostly covers the period of October-December 2011, the harvesting season of the main summer crops of paddy, maize and millet. The overall food security situation is reportedly good across the country, considered to be one of the best seasons since mid-2006 when the IPC- based Food Security Phase Classification was first introduced. This seasonal improvement is mainly attributed to the record high production of winter and summer crops in 2010/11, incomes from cash crops, remittance, selling of livestock products and wage employment opportunities created by the government and non-government organizations, including PAF, WFP, FINNIDA-RVWRMP, RRRSDP, DRILP, and RAP. A joint crop assessment mission, consisting of the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC), World Food Programme (WFP) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), confirmed that the overall outputs of 2011/12 summer crops have increased by 10.8 percent to 7.58 million MT compared to the 6.84 million MT of last year. Paddy and maize production went up by 13.7 percent and 5.4 percent, setting a record high production of 5.07 million MT and 2.18 million MT respectively. This bumper harvest is mainly attributed to timely and adequate rainfalls from the plantation to the growing period; increase in the use of improved seeds; timely availability of fertilizers; less damage of crops by floods and other natural hazards (“Crop Situation Update”, MoAC/WFP/FAO, January 2012). NeKSAP District Food Security Networks (DFSNs) in 72 districts (except Kathmandu valley) have reported a generally food secure situation. Out of the total of 3,846 VDCs/Municipalities across the 72 districts, 37 VDCs (0.96 percent) in Baitadi, Mugu, Jajarkot, Dailekh, and Sunsari districts are classified as “moderately food insecure” (Phase-2) and the rests are "food secure” (Phase-1). The DFSNs in Karnali and the Far Western Hills and Mountain districts have reported a stable food security situation despite summer crop losses in pocket areas due to localized natural disasters: the affected population has had access to food from markets, owing to availability of wage employment opportunities,remittances, sales of cash crops, NTFPs, and livestock products. Market food supply situation has been reportedly stable across the country. WFP Food for Work backlog payment, as well as the subsidized food from Nepal Food Corporation have also contributed to the seasonal improvement. Winter crops of wheat and barley are growing well due to adequate and timely rain/snowfall. Hence a normal production can be expected, if no major natural disaster occurs in February-March.

#FoodSecurity #CropProduction #ClimateChange
Publisher:
WFP, GoN ,   (2012 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
FOOD SUPPLY, FOOD SECURITY, CONSUMPTION, NUTRITION RESEARCH, FOOD CORPORATION, CROP PRODUCTION, SEASONAL IMPROVEMENT, MARKET STABLIZATION, AGRICULTURAL PRICES, EMERGING MARKET, CASH CROPS, LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS, NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCT, CLIMATE CHANGE
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
04.01.01  -  Agricultural Economics And Policy; Rural Sociology
Reference Link:
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