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Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Risk Factors for Early Infant Mortality in Sarlahi District, Nepal
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Reference: Katz, Joanne; West Jr, Keith P.; Khatry, Subarna K.; Christian, Parul; LeClerq, Steven C.; Pradhan, Elizabeth Kimbrough; Shrestha, Sharada Ram (1999). Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Risk Factors for Early Infant Mortality in Sarlahi District, Nepal, WHO. URL-http://apps.who.int/iris/ In spite of technical advances that have increased survival of children in developing countries, infant mortality rates are still at least 10 times higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Most infant deaths occur in the perinatal and neonatal periods, mostly due to prematurity, intrauterine growth retardation, and congenital causes; later deaths are more likely to
be the result of infection (1). It may be useful to identify risk factors that predict early infant mortality, especially those that have the potential for intervention with modest resources. Several studies have examined the role of risk factors for infant mortality (2–18). Others have identified risk factors for low birth weight, prematurity, and intrauterine growth retardation that are strongly associated with infant mortality
(19–25). Maternal characteristics, labour, and delivery are associated more strongly with perinatal and neonatal mortality; environmental factors are associated more strongly with later infant mortality. We report the results of a large population-based study
in rural Nepal, in which socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, reproductive history, substance abuse, physical work, morbidity and diet during pregnancy, characteristics of labour and delivery, and maternal mortality were analysed for mortality in babies aged less than six months.

WHO ,   (2003 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Thematic Group:
 WHO : World Health Organization
08.01.00  -  Population Dynamics
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