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Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis in Identifying Infectious Trachoma in a Low-prevalence Area of Nepal
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Reference: Baral, k.; Osaki, s.; Shreshta, B.; Panta, C.R.; Boulter, A.; Pang, F.; Cevallos, V.; Schachter, J.; Lietman, T. (1999). Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Reliability of Clinical Diagnosis in Identifying Infectious Trachoma in a Low-prevalence Area of Nepal, WHO. URL-http://apps.who.int/iris/ WHO has declared Nepal to be a country of high priority for trachoma control (2). An extensive epidemiological survey carried out in 1981 revealed that trachoma was the second leading cause of blindness in Nepal and that 31% of the children aged 410 years in the Bheri zone had clinically active trachoma (9). Subsequently, the prevalence of active trachoma has been markedly reduced to 9.7% and 7.0%, respectively, in the Banke and Bardia districts of the Bheri zone. This decrease is presumably due to economic development and to the intensive community-based education and treatment programmes of the Nepal Netra Jhoti Sangh, the Nepalese Red Cross, and the Swiss Red Cross (10). The Surkhet district of Bheri zone has not been surveyed recently, but correction of trichiasis from trachoma is the most frequent outpatient surgery performed at the regional eye care centre in Birendranagar (B. Shreshta, personal communication, 1997); thus infectious trachoma has previously been prevalent. Small-scale, rapid assessment surveys of the area have revealed that clinically active trachoma is now present but at a low prevalence. This article reports on a study undertaken to determine whether conjunctival examination predicts the presence of C. trachomatis in an area with a low prevalence of active clinical disease.
Publisher:
WHO ,   (1999 )
Type / Script:
Bulletin or Poster in English
Keywords:
MEDICAL RESEARCH, BLINDNESS, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, EYE DISEASES, OPHTHALMOLOGY, CHILD HEALTH, RURAL HEALTH, MEDICAL EXAMINATION, CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS, HEALTH POLICY, HEALTH PROGRAMME.
Thematic Group:
 WHO : World Health Organization
Thesaurus:
10.06.02  -  Medical Sciences
Reference Link:
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