United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Mapping and Comprehensive Assessment of Blood Transfusion Services in Nepal Report: 2011
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Millions of people are at risk of various infections and thousands die every year due to communicable diseases, malnutrition and other health‐related problems, especially those living in rural areas. According to a 1996 report (Nepal Living Standard Survey), only 41% of households have access to a health facility within a walking distance of 30 minutes. The maternal mortality rate in Nepal is 281/100 000 live births, which is amongst the highest in the world, and accounts for 18% of total female deaths. Globally, more than 80% of maternal deaths occur due to haemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion,
eclampsia, and obstructed labour. About 61% of these maternal deaths occur in the post‐partum period, more than half of which take place within the first day of delivery. Blood transfusion has been identified as one of the life‐saving interventions and has an essential role in patient treatment and management. The Blood Transfusion Service (BTS) should be available in all health care facilities providing Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (CEOC). Access to a safe and sufficient blood supply could help to prevent the death of a significant number of mothers and their newborn infants each year. BTS is one of the priority programmes of the Government of Nepal (GoN). In Nepal, the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) began to provide institution‐based BTS through the Department of Pathology at Bir Hospital in 1964 and the first BTS was established as Laxmi Blood Bank in 1966. In recognition of the pioneering and long service of NRCS, His Majesty’s Government of Nepal (HMG/N) mandated NRCS as the sole agency to conduct the blood programme in Nepal in March 1992. A national policy on BTS was developed and approved by HMG/N through a cabinet decision in 1993. The mission statement of Nepal’s blood programme is to ensure an adequate, safe and timely supply of blood and blood products to meet the transfusion requirements of the people of Nepal in an equitable and
affordable manner.
Publisher:
WHO, GON, OFID, NEPAL RED CROSS SOCIETY ,   (2011 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
HEALTH SERVICES, HEALTH, BLOOD, HEALTH-CARE DELIVERY, HEALTH CENTRES, HEALTH POLICY, HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, HOSPITALS, MEDICAL EXAMINATION, MEDICAL TREATMENT, PUBLIC HEALTH, WOMEN'S HEALTH, HEALTH HAZARDS, HEALTH PERSONNEL, HEALTH POLICY, PATIENTS, BLOOD SAFETY, COMMUNICABLE DISEASES, AIDS, BLOOD TEST, HEALTH PLANNING
Thematic Group:
 WHO : World Health Organization
Thesaurus:
10.02.00  -  Comprehensive Health Services
Reference Link:
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