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Strategies and Options for Scaling Up and Enhancing the Child Grant Nationally in Nepal
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The objective of the study is to offer to the Government of Nepal (GoN) a set of strategies and options regarding the continuation, scaling-up and enhancement of the Child Grant, a cash transfer program introduced by the GoN in 2009. This is in light of the Government’s policy commitments and the country’s political and socio-economic situation. The Child Grant is situated in the context of social protection and child-sensitive policy-making, directly building on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the ILO Recommendation on Social Protection Floors, as well as national-level commitments in Nepal’s Interim Constitution, the Interim Plan 2010-13, and the Thirteenth Plan 2013/14-15/16 (GoN 2010; ILO 2012; GoN 2013). The proposal is to integrate an enhanced Child Grant into the goal of minimum social protection for all in the context of the National Framework for Social Protection (GoN 2013). The proposals offered are grounded in a child rights approach. A reliable and effective Child Grant - with appropriate benefit levels, timely payment, and wider - or ideally universal - national coverage - is likely to reduce poverty and have a positive impact on human development, notably health, education and nutrition. Most importantly, it can improve child well being and fight child poverty. In addition, it can promote universal birth registration, thereby strengthening civil registration and vital statistics which in turn are foundations of good governance.The study therefore makes a strong case for continuing and improving the grant in two ways. This is firstly in terms of the coverage, by moving towards its universalization. Such an approach is anchored in the rights-based argument that all children in the country ought to be benefiting from a Child Grant. Universal coverage would be an optimal approach also in light of the large share of children affected by poverty and malnutrition, the wide range of causes behind inequities, and the lack of administrative capacity to identify the poor. Universal coverage is moreover central to the social protection floor framework which the government is currently developing. Secondly, the case for enhancing the current grant is made at the design level, in terms of increasing the benefit levels, possibly revising the age period coverage for pregnancy and improving delivery modalities and checks and balances, as fiscal space and administrative capacities expand. Both aspects together would contribute to significantly improving the situation of children in Nepal.

#ChildGrant #SocialProtection #HumanRights #ChildSensitive



Publisher:
UNICEF ,   (2015 )
Type / Script:
Draft in English
Keywords:
CHILD GRANT, DALIT FAMILIES, NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTIO, FRAMEWORK, SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOOR APPROACH, PROPOSE AN ENHANCEMENT, UNIVERSAL DECELERATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, GOVERNMENT POLICY, POLITICAL ECONOMY OF SOCIAL PROJECTION, IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISM, MONITORING AND EVALUTION, CHILD SENSTIVE POLICY MAKING, SOCIAL SECURITY
Thematic Group:
 UNICEF : Children Fund
Thesaurus:
14.05.04  -  Welfare And Social Services
Reference Link:
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