United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Decent Civil Works in Nepal: From Research to Action Planning (Series 8)
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Promoting decent work is the mandate of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). In the construction sector this means improving rights at work, increasing employment, providing social protection, and enhancing social dialogue. This study is about decent work in civil works in Nepal and Thailand.The study looks at a dozen areas of labour policies and practice in assessing decent work in these two countries, drawing conclusions and making numerous specific suggestions in both cases about what might be done to create more decent work in the sector. It compares and contrasts industrial characteristics and elements of decent work in these two very different countries in an exercise useful for drawing out what is needed to promote decent work in each. The study finds that the construction contracting industries in both countries have many enterprises, but procurement of civil works in Nepal relies on community development initiatives - and the use of labour there under - in addition to contracting directly with private sector firms. Labour sub-contracting and intra- and international migration plays a significant role in the industries in both countries, posing part of the challenge for decent work in the industry. The basic protective labour laws in Nepal and Thailand take a different tack where it comes to their intended coverage, that in Thailand being written in a significantly more inclusive way. The rights to organize and collectively bargain exist in the law in both countries, but their actual practice is limited in both and markedly so in Thailand. And while mechanisms for social protection in both countries are at very different levels of development, coverage for workers in the construction industry, for different reasons, is limited in practice. The study concludes that developments in both countries provide opportunities for creating more decent work. Contracting methods and standards are mentioned, along with numerous legal and practical measures that could be taken in each case, including some that could be taken up in the context of initiatives already in progress.

ILO ,   (2005 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
12.03.00  -  Conditions Of Employment
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