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Information Centre | Nepal
Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2013 - Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, The World Bank and the United Nations Population Division
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A number of initiatives that commenced in recent years are geared towards achievement of fifth Millennium Development Goal(Improving maternal health), most notably launch of Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health in 2010 by the United Nations(UN) Secretary-General. Subsequently, the high-level Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health was established to “determine the most effective international institutional arrangements for global reporting, oversight and accountability on women’s and children’s health.” One of ten recommendations of commission was specific to improving measurement of maternal(and child) deaths. This recommendation requires that “by 2015, all countries have taken significant steps to establish a system for registration of births, deaths and causes of death, and have well-functioning health information systems that combine data from facilities, administrative sources and surveys”. The first report of the independent Expert Review Group(iERG) established by the commission for overseeing the progress in achievement of the commission’s 10 recommendations indicated insufficient progress in implementation of recommendations including one on ‘vital events’ reporting. Measuring MDG 5 target of reducing the maternal mortality ratio(MMR target 5A) remains challenge. Less than 40% of countries have complete civil registration system with good attribution of cause of death, which is necessary for the accurate measurement of maternal mortality. The estimates for 2013 presented in this report are seventh in series of analyses by United Nations agencies. Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group(MMEIG), comprising the World Health Organization(WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund(UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Population
Division(UNPD) and World Bank, together with team at the National University of Singapore, Singapore and University of California at Berkeley, United States of America, have been working together to generate internationally comparable MMR estimates. A technical advisory group (TAG) provides independent technical advice. The methods, as well as the data sources for the estimation of MMR, have improved over time. Building on methodological advancements from previous round of analyses, newly available data collected by MMEIG and obtained during country consultation were incorporated, and trend estimates from 1990 to 2013 were generated. As with previous round of estimates, statistical code and input data necessary to produce the current estimates are made publicly available, underscoring MMEIG’s commitment to open access and transparency.
Publisher:
WB, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNDP, WHO ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Annual Report in English
Keywords:
CONTRACEPTION, PREMATURE INFANTS, FAMILY PLANNING, FERTILIZATION, FOETUS, MATERNITY LEAVE, VERBAL AUTOPSY, BIRTH WEIGHT, MOTHERHOOD, EXPECTANT MOTHERS, PARENT EDUCATION, ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN, UNMARRIED MOTHERS, INDIRECT OBSTETRIC CAUSES, AVOID LITIGATION, HOUSEHOLD SURVEY, GRAPHIC SUB DIVISIONS, RISK OF DEATH, DEATH CERTIFICATE, MATERNAL MORTALITY, FERTILITY RATE, CIVIL REGISTRATION, PREGNANCY, MDG, HIV/AIDS, REPRODUCTIVE AGE MORTALITY, LIVE BIRTH, MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, POPULATION DYNAMICS
Thematic Group:
 WHO : World Health Organization
Thesaurus:
08.01.00  -  Population Dynamics
Reference Link:
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