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UN support for peacebuilding: Nepal as the exceptional case
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In the annals of UN peace operations, the mission in Nepal(UNMIN) appears as an exceptional case. Most peace support operations today are multidimensional covering the security sector, political transition, relief and economic recovery, state building, and transitional justice and target the underlying causes of conflict as well. Peace building means ensuring that "exclusionary social, economic and political structures [are not] left untouched, perpetuated or strengthened," UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan declared when he inaugurated the UN Peace building Commission in 2006. The language seemed tailor-made for Nepal, where the UN established a peace mission after the end of a ten-year civil war. Yet the UN operation to help consolidate peace in Nepal was a ‘focused mission of short duration’, a minimalist operation with a razor-thin mandate. This paper explores why this was so, and what were the consequences for peace building. Was a limited UN mission appropriate to the challenges of peace building, or was the mission unduly restricted? Did a high degree of Nepali ‘national ownership’ consolidate or complicate the peace process? The paper was prepared for the project "Social Exclusion, Democratic Inclusion and the Insurgency in Nepal," supported by The Social Inclusion Research Fund, which is funded by the Embassy of Norway, Nepal. Research for the paper was concluded in May 2009.
Publisher:
CMI, UN ,   (2009 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
ASSISTING THE ELECTIONS, DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH, NON-PROFIT RESEARCH, COMMITTMENTS AND OBLIGATIONS, MONITORING THE MILITARIES, CIVIL WAR, HOSTILITY, HUMAN BEHAVIOUR, DETERMINANTS OF NATIONAL OWNERSHIP, TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, NEGOTIATIONS, PEACE IMPLEMENTATION, HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES, PEACE AGREEMENT, NATIONAL PROCESS, MINIMALIST MISSION, NATIONAL OWNERSHIP, TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE, INSURGENCY IN NEPAL, SOCIAL EXCLUSION, DEMOCRATIC INCLUSION, PEACE KEEPING, VIOLENCE, SECURITY, POLITICAL VIOLENCE
Thematic Group:
 UN : International Peace and Security
Thesaurus:
14.05.01  -  Social Science Disciplines And Methodologies
Reference Link:
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