United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Dalits and Labour in Nepal: Discrimination and Forced Labour
PDF File Size: 702 KB | Download   
One of the key factors that perpetuate poverty is social and economic exclusion through discrimination. In Nepal, the issue of social and economic exclusion occupies a vital position in many development agendas that aim at reducing widespread poverty in the country. Dalits, one of the most marginalized groups in Nepal, are still facing several forms of discrimination in all sectors, including the workplace. As a result, Dalits today stand at the bottom of most indicators of socio-economic development. The ILO acknowledges that caste-based discrimination is a socio-economic and cultural problem. Discrimination in employment and work is perceived by Dalits as most important factor preventing them from improving their current situation. Discrimination needs to be eliminated both from the workplace and from society at large so that Dalits can live and work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity. This goal can be achieved only through increased social awareness of both Dalits and non-Dalits, and through the enhancement of their ability to function and to engage, as well as to influence and hold accountable, the institutions that affect them. The ILO, as the leading international agency responsible for setting labour standards, believes that the State and employers can and should take measures to end caste-based discrimination within the workplace. ILO Convention No. 111 on Discrimination in Employment and Occupation can be instrumental in preventing caste-based discrimination at the workplace. Nepal has ratified both
Convention No. 111 and the Equal Remuneration Convention (No. 100), which are among the ILO's fundamental Conventions. This study was carried out by TEAM Consult and the Dalit Welfare Organization(DWO) and was commissioned by the ILO Office in Nepal. The key objective of this study was to analyse discrimination against occupational castes (Dalits) in the labour sector, as well as forced and child labour when it occurs. The study clearly reveals that there is no consensus on the definition and identification of Dalits and that Dalits have not agreed to the way they are defined. It also shows that the implementation
of relevant UN and ILO conventions, as well as domestic laws pertaining to discrimination in labour, to forced labour and to child labour, including its worst forms, needs to be reviewed. We hope that this study will be fruitful for those individuals and institutions who are working towards making Nepal an all-inclusive society. This study deals with the extent of discrimination prevalent against Dalits in Nepal in the world of work, forced labour and child labour, as well as the gender relations within the Dalit communities, in relation to the existing constitutional and legal provisions as well as the relevant United Nations (UN) and International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions ratified
by the government of Nepal. The study employed a multi-method strategy. The household survey incorporated major Dalit groups and covered 1,454 households in 33 clusters of 11 districts: three from the mountain region, four from the hills and four from the terai, and is, therefore, spatially representative of Nepal. The total Dalit population taken in this study was 8,433: 4,638 males and 3,795 females. About 41.7 per cent of the sample population was below 15 years of age.
ILO ,   (2005 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Thematic Group:
 ILO : International Labor & Labor
12.01.00  -  Employment Promotion And Planning
Reference Link:
** This document has been:
1542  times viewed
16  times downloaded.
Feeder: DEEPIKA DHAKAL , Editor: , Auditor:

View Document History
Related Topics
Forced Labour And ILO Protocol (P29)
Integrated Programme On Fair Recruitment (FAIR)
स्थलगत बुलेटिन मानिसहरु अछाम र बाजुरामा आप्रबासी श्रमिकका मुद्दाको परिदृश्य
Labour Migration for Employment - A Status Report for Nepal: 2015/2016 - 2016/2017
A 15-point declaration made by the third labor conference held in Kathmandu from 19-21 July 2012
Nepal Ratifies ILO Forced Labour Convention
Report on the Nepal Labour Force Survey - 1998/99
General principles & operational guidelines for fair recruitment
35th Anniversary ILO-Nepal Partnership
From Protocol to Practice:A Bridge to Global Action on Forced Labour (The Bridge Project)2015
Labour Inspection: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Executive Summary - From conflict to cooperation: Labour market reforms that can work in Nepal
International Journal Of Labour Research: Vol. 1 Issue 2
National Labour and Employment Conference 2069 : " Promoting conducive labour relations for decent work and job rich economic growth 9-11 July 2012
The Linkage Between Women's Emloyment, Family Welfare And Child Labour in Nepal
Forced Labour of Adults and Children in The Agriculture Sector of Nepal - ILO Country Office for Nepal Series no. 11
Country Paper Nepal (October 2001)
ILO Publications 2013
Towards Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour as Priority (ACHIEVE)
Nepal- Country Report : Labour Laws, the Business Environment and Growth of Micro and Small Enterprises
From Protocol to Practice: A Bridge To Global Action On Forced Labour (The Bridge Project)
Employment- Led Growth in Nepal
Nepal Child Labour Report Based on Data Drawn from the Nepal Labour Force Survey -2008
Successful Strategies and Experiences in Combating Child Bonded Labour in Nepal
Forced Labour of Adults and Children in the Agriculture Sector of Nepal, ILO Country Office for Nepal- Series no. 11
Employment Expansion through Cottage Industries in Nepal: Potentials and Constraints
Nepal Trafficking in Girls With Special Reference to Prostitution: A Rapid Assessment
South Aisan Project Against Debt Bondage : Findings On Debt Bondage : Baseline Study into Vulnerability To Debt Bondage In Banke District Nepal
The Kamaiya System in Nepal ( July 1998 )
Report on Employment Relationships in the Brick Industry in Nepal
Analysis of Labour Market and Migration Trends in Nepal
ILO Publications Autumn 2012
The ILO In Nepal
Terms Of Reference (ToR) Call For EOI: Develop Job Portal And Labour Market Database System
Profits And Poverty: The Economics Of Forced Labour
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 5 Nepal Bonded Labour Among Child Workers of the Kamaiya System: A Rapid Assessment
ILO Approves US$500,000 Projects to Combat Child Labour
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 2 Nepal Trafficking in Girls With Special Reference to Prostitution: A Rapid Assessment
Nepal Country Objectives (1996-1999)
Nepal Rural Household Survey 8 Villages
The ILO in Nepal
Evaluation Summaries - Sustainable Elimination of Child Bonded Labour in Nepal: Phase II
From Conflict to Cooperation: Labour market reforms that can work in Nepal
Occupational Safety and Health Development in Nepal (SHIELD)
Resource Kit on Child Labour
Ensure timely implementation of agreement with the freed Haliyas
Costs and benefits of eliminating child labour in Nepal
South Aisan Project Against Debt Bondage : Findings On Debt Bondage : Long-term Farm Labour Systems In Kavre Palanchok and Sarlahi Districts, Nepal
Compiled Field Reports from Dhanusha, Siraha, Saptari, Dang, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur Districts of Nepal
Thematic Working group 3 on Low skilled Labour Migration Technical Workshop on Review of Bilateral Agreements on Low Skilled Labour Migaration
74th UN Day 2019
ILO Technical Cooperation : Child Labour - Sustainable elimination of child bonded labour in Nepal (Phases I- II)
International Labour Migration : A rights-based approach (March 27, 2010)
Report on the Nepal Labour Force Survey 2008
Nepal Labour Force Survey 2008
Child Labour Situation in Nepal
Project to Promote ILO Policy on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples
Study on Demand Side of Trafficking of Children and Women in Nepal
ILO Technical Cooperation : Child Labour - Towards Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour as Priority (ACHIEVE) – Nepal (Phases I-II)(June 2014)
Work in Freedom program in Nepal- Project Phase 2
Sectoral Activities Programme - Working Paper 187: Informal Labour In The Construction Industry In Nepal
Compassionate Care: Proceedings of Workshops
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 6 Nepal Situation of Child Porters: A Rapid Assessment
Employment and Development in Nepal
Labour and Social Trends in Nepal - 2010
Regional Tripartite Workshop on Social Dimensions of Economic Reforms in Asia
Creating a Healing Environment (Volume II: Technical Papers) Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and Other Worst Forms of Child Labour
Combating Trafficking In Children For Labour Exploitation In The South Asia: Report On South Asian Consultation (12-14 October)
World Day Against Child Labour ( 12 June 2015 )
Labour Migration for Employment - A Status Report for Nepal: 2014/2015
Education, Training And Skills: Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
Bureau of Employers Activities in Nepal (ACT/EMP)
Decent Work - Issue 2 (November 2014)
Executive Summary: Labour Markets, Institutions And Inequality
The Indian Labour Market: A Gender Perspective
UNICEF Nepal Country Office Combating Child Labour in Nepal
Newsletter Bi-annual, Issue 1- Nepal Decent Work:(May 2014)
Labour Markets, Institutions And Inequality: Building Just Societies In The 21st Century
Report of the National Workshop on Interventions against Trafficking of Children
Nepal Situation of Child Ragpickers: A Rapid Assessment
Message From Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General Of UNESCO, On The Occasion Of World Day Against Child Labour - 12 June 2009
Migration and Child Labour Exploring Child Migrant Vulnerabilities and Those of Children Left-Behind
Labour market trends analysis and labour migration from South Asia to Gulf Cooperation Council countries, India and Malaysia
बालश्रम बिरुद्ध विस्व दिवस २०१६ आपूर्ति चक्रमा बालश्रमको अन्त्य : सबैको सरोकार
A Rapid Assessment: Child Labour in the Nepalese Carpet Sector
Decent Work Country Programme, Nepal (2013-2017)
Global Report on Trafficking in Persons
ILO Technical Cooperation – Child Labour (2014)
Labour Market Transitions of Young Women and Men in Nepal ( May 2014)
Promoting Effective Governance of Labour Migration from South Asia: The ILO South Asia Labour Migration Governance Project (2013–2016)
Valuing The Contributions Of Women Migrant Workers In ASEAN
The Role of Training Programs for Youth Employment in Nepal: Impact Evaluation Report on the Employment Fund
Nepal Situation of Child Porters: A Rapid Assessment
Investigating the Worst Forms of Child Labour No. 4 Nepal Situation of Child Ragpickers: A Rapid Assessment
Trade Liberalization, Social Policy Development and Labour Market Outcomes of Chinese Women and Men in the Decade After China’s Accession to the World Trade Organization
An analytical briefing on the social security sector in Nepal
Evaluation Summary: Mid-Term Evaluation of Promoting the Effective Govvernance of Labour Migration from South Asia
Promoting The Health Of Left-Behind Children Of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence For Policy And Action
Approaching Intellectual Property As A Human Right
Women migrant workers still working under unclear, unfair contracts, study finds,despite availability of best-practice templates
100 result(s) found.