United Nations
Information Centre | Nepal
Nepal Biodiversity Resource Book Protected Areas, Ramsar Sites, and World Heritage Sites
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UNEP’s mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. Acting as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment, UNEP works with
numerous partners within United Nations, as well as with national governments, international and non-governmental organisations, the private sector and civil society. UNEP assesses global, regional and national environmental conditions and trends; develops international and national environmental instruments; helps to strengthen institutions for the wise management of the environment; facilitates transfer of knowledge and technology for sustainable development, and encourages new partnerships and mind-sets within civil society and the private sector. Biodiversity Profiles of Nepal 1996 (BPN) is a landmark endeavor to document all the information available and also recorded in the field on Nepal’s biodiversity. In 16 volumes of documents, profiles recorded 181 mammal species, 844 bird species, 100 reptile species, 43 amphibian species, 185 freshwater fish species, and 635 butterfly species. In the context of flora, BPN recorded 5,160 species of flowering plants and 1,120 nonflowering plants. According to BPN, Nepal ranks 10th in terms of richest flowering plant diversity in Asia, and 31st in the world. Since 1996 when the BPN documents were published, Nepal has advanced further in biodiversity conservation and protected areas management. A total of 8,778 sq km of protected areas has been
added to country’s protected areas between 1996 and 2004, including Shivapuri National Park, Kangchenjunga and Manaslu conservation areas, and 11 buffer zones. In 1996, IUCN-Nepal prepared a detailed wetlands inventory of 163 sites from Terai and 79 sites from the hills and mountains; three sites, Bishazari Tal, Jagdishpur reservoir, and Ghodaghodi Tal, have been designated as Ramsar sites in 2003. Since 1996, at least seven species of birds have been newly recorded in Nepal, and the number of bird species recorded in protected areas has increased significantly. In Shivapuri National Park, for example, the number of bird species recorded in 1996 was 151; in 2002 it was 177, and 311 in 2005. The number of species of flowering plants on record to date is about 5,900 compared to 5,160 recorded by BPN in 1996. A new chapter on entomology has been opened following the publication of the inventory of insects of Nepal in 1997 and 1998. The overall goal of the Nepal Biodiversity Yearbook Project (NBYP) was to establish a system for updating Nepal’s biodiversity resources every year into a Nepal Biodiversity Resource Book 2006, 2007, 2008, and so on, based on scientific studies. The main objective of NBYP was to prepare resource book 2006 on Nepal’s biodiversity by updating the 1996 Biodiversity Profiles of Nepal using published information between 1996 and 2005 and field verification.
The NBYP was implemented in five stages preparatory to publication. Upon completion of preparatory stage, Nepal Nature dot Com formed a working team to implement the Project. Team formation approach followed the steps taken by BPP in 1996, with essential modifications.
Publisher:
GoN, ICIMOD, UNEP/UNDP ,   (2007 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
CIVIL SOCIETY, VULNERABLE, EXTINCT, PHYSIOGRAPHY, THREATNED SPICES, CONSERVATION AREA, SOIL FORMATION, ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME, INTEGRATED MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT, WORLD HERITAGE SITE, WETLAND SITE, PLANTS AND BIOMATERIALS, WILDLIFE RESERVE, HUNTING RESERVE, NATIONAL PARK, CLIMATE CHANGE, SPECIES DIVERSITY, ALTITUDE, POPULATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, BIODIVERSITY, FLORA AND FAUNA, VEGETATION TYPE, ENDEMIC PLANT, ECOSYSTEMS, GENETIC RESOURCES, PLANT VARIETIES, BIOSAFETY
Thematic Group:
 UNDP : Social and Institutional Developoment
Thesaurus:
03.01.03  -  Land Forms And Ecosystems
Reference Link:
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