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IMPACT EVALUATION SYNTHESIS - Synthesis Report of the Evaluation Series on the Impact of Food for Assets (2002 – 2011) And lessons for building livelihoods resilience
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The report synthesizes the main findings from evaluations in Bangladesh, Ethiopia,Guatemala, Nepal, Senegal and Uganda that assessed the impact of WFP’s food for assets(FFA) activities and identified lessons on how to improve the orientation of food for assets towards achieving livelihoods resilience objectives. The evaluations covered a period of organizational change. In 2011, WFP introduced new policies and guidance documents related to FFA, including a new disaster risk reduction and management policy and the Food for Assets Guidance Manual. The evaluations assessed activities carried out in 2002–2011, which were designed and implemented under different guidance and objectives. While focusing on assessing medium and longer term effects and sustainability of these past efforts, the evaluations also provided lessons on how FFA activities could be better aligned with new policy and guidance. Overall impacts from FFA are expected to occur over different timeframes. Short term
benefits could include increased cash/food availability and food access, and the immediate effects of the asset such as flood protection which could result in an immediate reduction in vulnerability. Medium term benefits may include increased land productivity and agricultural production, greater income-generating opportunities, better physical access to markets and social services, etc.; Long term benefits could include reduced vulnerability,
improved livelihoods, and increased resilience, although ongoing operations and maintenance are needed to ensure that the asset remains functional and useful. The evaluations found that in the short term, WFP was effective in providing food and employment to people in underserved communities during periods of civil unrest and natural disaster, and built useful assets in the process. Different types of crises were reported by communities including slow and rapid onset, human and natural caused, cyclical and non-cyclical. Household surveys confirmed that participants in all countries faced multiple shocks during the reference period. WFP was often one of the few organizations to have operated at scale in remote or dangerous areas. Some respondents reported that food was not always delivered in a timely manner relative to shortages, or that the amount of food provided was inadequate to address the needs. FFA activities were often underfunded by up to 65% and funding was variable and unpredictable.
Asset survival is a precondition for medium-term impact. The evaluations found that for all but one asset type, more than 50% of assets were fully functional. Strong evidence from household survey reported increased land productivity, agricultural production and income generating opportunities. The evaluations confirmed modest changes in incomes, assets and employment. There was plausible quantitative and qualitative evidence of positive income effects associated with asset creation in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal and Senegal. In Uganda, positive but small effects were reported over time on savings, income and standard of living as a result of asset creation. In Guatemala the differences in land asset and associated incomes between participants and comparison households were not statistically significant.
Publisher:
WFP ,   (2014 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
IMPACT EVALUATION SYNTHESIS, SANITATION FACILITIES, FOOD BASKET, GENDER SENSITIVITY, DIVERSITY, ROAD CONSTRUCTION, WOMEN EMPOWERMENT, PARTICIPATION AND INVOLCEMENT OF WOMEN, CHILDREN IN BENEFICIARY, FOOD INSECURITY, AGROFORESTRY, SOIL STABILIZATION, SANITATION, FUEL, COMMUNITY RESOURCES, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, VULNERABILITY, DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT, LIVELIHOOD RESILIENCE, FLOOD PROTECTION, LAND PRODUCTIVITY, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, FOOD FOR ASSETS, DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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