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Implications of the WTO Membership on the Nepalese Agriculture
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Following years of negotiations, Nepal was offered WTO Membership in September 2003 during the fourth WTO Ministerial at Cancun, Mexico. She became 147th Member of the WTO on 23 April 2004 after ratifying the Membership. The WTO Agreements cover a wide range of areas in the sphere of economic policy and a host of topics, ranging from trade in goods and in services to intellectual property rights. The Membership is viewed as a source of opportunities and challenges. In this context a commonly asked question is the implications it has on the economy of Nepal. While the opening of opportunities and challenges is generally acknowledged, ascertaining their nature and magnitude requires careful analysis. Nepal is not unique on this similar questions were asked in other countries and are still being asked. All WTO Agreements, Decisions and Understandings will have some impact on the agricultural sector. However, there are some Agreements that have a more direct bearing on it. These include the Agreements on: Agriculture (AoA); the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS); Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT); and Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Other important Agreements include those on trade remedy measures. One challenge for a WTO Member is to fully understand the meaning of all these Agreements from both legal and trade perspectives. This is essential inter alia for taking full advantage of the new trading opportunities created by the WTO Membership and for defending own trade interest. All in all, there is a great deal of homework and preparations to do. It is in this context that the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MoAC), as the focal point for agriculture on WTO matters in Nepal, took initiatives to prepare itself for the challenges in the post-accession period. The first important step in this process was building human resource capability on WTO matters within the MoAC. This volume reports the analyses of 17 background studies. Yet, by no means it exhausts all the topics and issues. The rest of the chapter is organized as follows. The following section provides an overview of the context within which the project was conceived, formulated and implemented, including the key issues and challenges facing a new WTO Member. The subsequent section summarizes the main findings of the various analyses reported in this volume. The last section discusses, as key recommendations, a substantive work programme in terms of five core areas for the MoAC to focus on, and an outline of an institutional arrangement within MoAC for undertaking WTO-related works.
Publisher:
FAO, UNDP, HMGN ,   (2004 )
Type / Script:
Publication in English
Keywords:
WTO MEMBERSHIP, ANIMAL PRODUCTS, FOREIGN TRADE, FRUIT, TEA, POULTRY, DOMESTIC SOURCING, GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS, IMPORT SURGE, TRADE REMEDY MEASURES, LEGAL FRAMEWORK, PLANT VARIETY PROTECTION, TRADE IN PLANT PRODUCTS, EXPORT SUBSIDIES, FOOD STANDARDS, FOOD SAFETY, BIO-DIVERSITY, POLICY DEVELOPMENT, EXPORT COMPETITION, TARIFF PROTECTION, MARKET ACCESS, NEPALESE AGRICULTURE, WTO AGREEMENTS, TRADE-RELATED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, TRADE AGREEMENTS, AGROINDUSTRY, TRADE POLICY
Thematic Group:
 FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization
Thesaurus:
07.01.00  -  General International Trade And Trade Policy
Reference Link:
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