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Climate risk and food security in Nepal: Analysis of climate impacts on food security and livelihoods
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Food security is a priority issue in Nepal. In spite of recent progress, Nepal is amongst the most at-risk countries in the world in terms of prevalence of stunting and wasting: 42 per cent of children under 5 are stunted and 31 per cent are underweight. The situation is more severe in some communities of the Far and Mid-Western regions, where stunting rates can reach above 70 per cent and wasting exceeds 20 per cent. A set of interrelated factors helps to explain the high level of food insecurity, including the combination of the global economic and food price crises and frequent natural disasters. Increasingly, empirical evidence suggests that climate variability and extremes have an adverse impact on the food security of the most vulnerable communities and should therefore be a key component of a strategy to address food security problems. Given the clear impact of climate on food security, WFP has made addressing the impact of climate change on hunger a priority in the most vulnerable countries. WFP’s strategy to address climate change issues emphasizes the importance of enhancing the resilience of vulnerable communities through asset creation and capacity building at national and community levels. A core component of WFP’s strategy to address climate change is working with partners to improve the knowledge base building on its extensive food security and vulnerability analysis capacity. Understanding the ways in which climate risks affect vulnerability and livelihoods is key step towards identifying the regions and communities that should be prioritised as well as the appropriate mechanisms for intervention. This analysis does precisely that by exploring several key issues. It examines the historical relationships between climate and food security. It also analyses the ways in which livelihoods are affected by climate risks. Finally, it uses this information to identify priorities for interventions.
Publisher:
WFP ,   (2013 )
Type / Script:
Progress Report in English
Keywords:
FOOD SECURITY, HUMAN POVERTY INDEX, TEMPERATURE TRENDS, DIET QUANTITY, NUTRITION, GLACIAL LAKE OUTBURST, MIGRATION, FLOOD RISKS, DROUGHT, PRECIPITATION, BASELINE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT, LIVESTOCK PRODUCT OUTPUT, HYDROLOGY AND METEOROLOGY, ACCESS TO MARKET, FOOD SHORTAGE, AGRICULTURE AND COORPORATIVES, ENVIRONMENT AND DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, FOOD CONSUMPTION, LIVELIHOOD, FOOD PRICE CRISIS, VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES, NATURAL DISASTERS, CLIMATE CHANGE
Thematic Group:
 WFP : Food and Emergency humanitarian logistict support
Thesaurus:
10.01.00  -  Food And Nutrition
Reference Link:
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